文章摘要
世界一流大学博士教育发展战略的主要特点及未来走向
Main Characteristics and Future Trend of Doctoral Education
Development Strategy of World-class Universities
投稿时间:2019-11-10  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.02.14
中文关键词: 世界一流大学;博士教育;发展战略;特点;走向
英文关键词: world-class university;doctoral education;development strategy;characteristics;trend
基金项目:中国高等教育学会高等教育科学研究"十三五"规划课题年度工程教育专项课题"美国高校工程科技创新人才培养机制研究"(2018GCLYB01);湖北省技术创新专项"跨学科教育背景下湖北高校科技创新人才培养体系研究"(2019ADC124)
作者单位
陈翠荣 中国地质大学(武汉)高等教育研究所, 武汉 430074 
李冰倩 中国地质大学(武汉)高等教育研究所, 武汉 430074 
摘要点击次数: 1948
全文下载次数: 4807
中文摘要:
      世界一流大学能够长期引领顶尖人才培养的方向,与其推行博士教育发展战略有关。对世界排名前20位的大学进行分析,发现其博士教育发展战略具有如下特点:战略环境源于回应社会发展的需要,战略目标坚持质量首位,战略内容围绕更加高效的培养形式,政府宏观管理与高校自主推行相结合进行战略实施,完善的制度体系与充裕的资金支持作战略保障。其未来走向是:增强博士教育竞争力,强调国际化发展,推进博士教育公平化以及提升博士生职业能力。这对我国在"双一流"建设大格局中创建一流的博士教育具有诸多启示。
英文摘要:
      The long-term direction-leading of the world-class universities in cultivating top-notch talent is closely related to their promotion of the doctoral education development strategy. After analyzing top 20 universities in the world, this paper finds that their doctoral education development strategies have the following characteristics:the strategic environment is developed from responding to the needs of social development; the strategic goal is based on quality as the first priority; the strategic contents focus on more efficient training forms; the strategy is implemented with the joint efforts of the government in macro-management and the universities in independent school running, and the implementation of the strategy is guaranteed by sound institutional system and abundant fund support. The future trend is:stronger competitiveness of doctoral education, more emphasis on international development, more equitable doctoral education and enhanced professional ability of the doctoral students. In the study, this paper reveals some references for China to create a first-class doctoral education system in the context of "double first-class" construction.
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