文章摘要
乡愁远去:农家研究生“文化离农”的质性研究——基于17名农家子弟的叙述
Nostalgia Fades Away: A Qualitative Study of Postgraduates from Rural Areas Who Long for Leaving Countryside——Based on the Narrations of 17 Postgraduates from Countryside
投稿时间:2022-11-02  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.02.05
中文关键词: 农家青年;乡村学子;文化离农;研究生
英文关键词: rural young people;rural students;rural educated people leaving the countryside;postgraduates
基金项目:江苏省社会科学基金项目"疫情后学生课堂话语变革研究"(20JYC005);江苏省教育科学规划课题"乡村定向教师场域化培养的路径研究"(C-c/2021/01/54)
作者单位
时广军 扬州大学 教育科学学院/中国乡土教育研究中心, 江苏 扬州 225009 
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中文摘要:
      农家研究生存在着一种远离乡土的教育倾向,大学场域驱动着"文化离农"成为现实。基于17名农家研究生的求学故事,发现:在大学,存在诸多他者化和媚俗化的利益点,运行着向城市看齐的规则,遍布着乡土淡化的参与者,充斥着竞争肆虐的异化行为,这些挤压了农家研究生的乡土文化。在深层起因上,源于经济资本、文化资本、社会资本、符号资本所构成的"位置差"是农家研究生追求"文化离农"的底根。"文化离农"虽是多方面的结果,但教育系统仍可以有所为。大学可以尝试形塑农家研究生主体的乡土自信,丰富大学场域中的乡土元素,弱化大学"走出去"的制度取向。
英文摘要:
      Postgraduates from rural areas share a tendency to stay away from their hometowns and their study at universities become a driving force that makes the so-called "rural educated people leave the countryside" a reality. Based on the stories of 17 postgraduates from rural areas pursuing higher learning, it is found that in universities, there are many points of benefit for the students to be "others" and kitsch, and a rule in running for the students to catch up with urban life. In addition, there are many participants whose nostalgia for their hometowns is gradually fading away, and alienated behaviors in rampant competitions in universities. All these have squeezed the rural cultural root of postgraduates from rural areas. In terms of in-depth causation, the "social status difference" originated from and composed of economic capital, cultural capital, social capital and symbol capital is the bottom reason for postgraduates from rural areas who long for leaving countryside. The author suggests that although the phenomenon of postgraduates from rural areas longing for leaving countryside is a result caused by many reasons, the education system can do something anyhow. Specifically, universities can try to boost rural self-confidence with postgraduates from rural areas as the main part, enrich rural elements in universities, and weaken the system orientation that encourages postgraduates from rural areas to leave the countryside.
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