文章摘要
研究生教育的“分流退出”:意涵阐释与路径探析
Implication Explanation and Path Analysis of “Diversion and Relegation” in Postgraduate Education
投稿时间:2021-07-09  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.05.07
中文关键词: 分流退出;研究生培养;意涵;路径;欧美经验
英文关键词: diversion and relegation;postgraduate education;implication;path;experience of Europe and the USA
基金项目:
作者单位
郭琳 北京师范大学 教育学部, 北京 100875
青海师范大学 研究生院, 西宁 810008 
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中文摘要:
      分流退出"是保证研究生培养质量的关键。在我国研究生教育规模不断扩大背景下,社会不同认知已影响到分流退出机制的建立,也导致高校在相关制度的落实中形式大于实质。通过逐一剖析"分流退出"在政府文件、媒体和学者中的表达,指出分流仅适用于硕士博士培养一体化教育,退出则可分别在硕士和博士教育培养全过程多环节实施。借鉴欧美主要国家研究生分流淘汰的经验,结合我国研究生教育特点,提出了"一节点两过程三维度"的分流退出实施路径。
英文摘要:
      Diversion and Relegation is the key to ensure the quality of postgraduate education. However, under the background of enrollment expansion of postgraduate education, the different cognition of society has not only seriously affected the establishment of the diversion and relegation mechanism, but also made the implementation of the relevant systems in higher-learning institutions colleges more of formality than substance. After analyzing the expressions of division and relegation in government documents, by media, and by scholars one by one, this paper points out that diversion is only applicable to the integrated master-doctoral student education, while relegation can be implemented respectively in the different links of the whole process of the postgraduate education and the doctoral education. With reference of the experience in the postgraduate division and elimination practice in Europe and the USA, and in consideration of the characteristics of the postgraduate education in China, this paper puts forward an implementation path for division and relegation featuring "one node, two processes, and three dimensions".
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