文章摘要
导师指导如何影响博士生学术职业取向的变化
On Influence of Supervisors’ Guidance on Academic Career Orientation of Doctoral Students
投稿时间:2021-04-28  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.05.03
中文关键词: 博士生;导师指导;职业取向变化
英文关键词: doctoral students;supervisor's guidance;career orientation change
基金项目:湖南省教育科学"十四五"规划青年资助课题"立德树人背景下研究生导师指导能力及提升路径研究"(ND210314)
作者单位
刘宁宁 湖南师范大学 教育科学学院, 长沙 410081 
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中文摘要:
      利用2019年Nature全球博士生调查数据,对导师指导如何影响博士生学术职业取向的变化进行分析。研究发现:第一,超过六成的博士生的就业取向发生了变化,其中逃离学术职业的比例(38.4%)明显高于回归学术职业的比例(22.9%)。第二,导师的人文关怀、获得导师认可度、导师指导频次和科研发表满意度均对博士生回归学术职业具有显著性影响,且导师人文关怀的影响高于学术指导的影响。第三,按照博士生学习投入时间和对工作时间的满意度,将博士生群体分为主动型、被动型、休闲型和消极型。不同类型博士生学术职业取向的变化存在显著性差异。其中消极型博士生逃离学术职业的比例最高,主动型博士生回归学术职业的比例最高。第四,导师指导内容对不同类型博士生的影响存在差异性。主动型博士生学术职业取向的变化主要受到导师指导频次的影响,被动型、休闲型和消极型博士生更多受到导师人文关怀的影响。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data of the Nature's 2019 global doctoral survey, this paper analyzes how the supervisors' guidance influences the change of the academic career orientation of doctoral students. The results show that:firstly, more than 60% of doctoral students' career orientation has changed, and the proportion of those "escaping" from academic career (38.4%) is significantly higher than those returning to academic career (22.9%). Secondly, the humanistic care from and the recognition by supervisors, the frequency of supervisors' guidance, and the satisfaction of doctoral students with the successful publication of their scientific research outcomes have significant effects on them to return to academic career, and the supervisors' humanistic care is more influential than academic guidance. Thirdly, the doctoral students divided into active, passive, leisure and negative groups according to the time they invested in study and the degree of their satisfaction with the working time show significant differences in the changes of academic career orientation, with the proportion of the doctoral students in the negative group departing away from academic career being the highest, while the proportion of the doctoral students in the active group remaining their academic career being the highest. Fourthly, the influence of the contents of supervisor's guidance is different on different types of doctoral students. The change of academic career orientation of active doctoral students is mainly influenced by the frequency of supervisor's guidance, while the passive, leisure and negative doctoral students are more influenced by the humanistic care from supervisors.
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