文章摘要
我国高校博士生课程设置的现状及问题分析——基于48所研究生院高校的调查
Present Doctoral Curriculum Design in China and Analysis of the Existing Problems: Base on a survey over 48 graduate schools
投稿时间:2020-09-17  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.02.09
中文关键词: 博士研究生;课程设置;博士生教育质量
英文关键词: doctoral students;curriculum design;doctoral education quality
基金项目:
作者单位
包志梅 华东师范大学 高等教育研究所, 上海 200062 
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中文摘要:
      为深入探讨我国博士生课程设置的现状及问题,对全国48所研究生院8064名在校博士生进行了调查。调查结果显示,学生认为博士课程设置应至少遵循强调研究方法训练、与研究方向相结合以及强调应用知识能力三种取向。然而,现实中博士生课程仍与硕士课程有较多或非常多重复,在选修课的选择范围和研究方法课程量上存在明显不足;课程内容的广度与深度以及前沿知识与跨学科知识比重有待提升;课程设置体现出较大的学校与学科差异。研究认为,应激发博士生主体意识,鼓励博士生参与课程建设;明晰本硕博课程的层次性,提高课程衔接度;适当扩大选修课的选择范围,增加前沿知识与跨学科知识比重,实现不同学校和学科博士课程的横向拓展与纵向深化。
英文摘要:
      In order to deeply analyze the current situation and the problems in doctoral curriculum, the author has surveyed 8,064 doctoral students from 48 graduate schools, the result of which shows that students believe the arrangement of doctoral curriculum should at least follow three guiding principles, i.e., emphasizing research method training, aligning with research orientation, and prioritizing application ability. However, there are quite a few or many overlapped courses in the curriculums for doctoral students and postgraduates, yet the elective courses in their academic fields or to the direction of their research for doctoral students to choose are obviously inadequate; the coverage and depth of curriculum content as well as the proportion of frontier and interdisciplinary knowledge need to be enriched, and the curriculums of different universities and disciplines differ from one another. The research holds that it is imperative to stimulate the subject consciousness of doctoral students, encourage them to participate in the curriculum construction, clarify the level of the curriculum, improve the degree of the curriculum cohesion, expand appropriately the selection range of elective courses, increase the proportion of frontier and interdisciplinary knowledge, and realize the horizontal expansion and vertical deepening of the doctoral curriculum at different universities and disciplines.
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