文章摘要
专业学位研究生课程体系的检视与省思——基于可雇佣性USEM模型视角
Review and Reflection on the Curriculum System of Professional Degree Postgraduates: Base on the perspective of Employability USEM Model
投稿时间:2019-04-04  
DOI:
中文关键词: 专业学位;课程体系;可雇佣性USEM模型;检视与反思
英文关键词: professional degree;curriculum system;Employability USEM Model;review and reflection
基金项目:广西壮族自治区学位与研究生教育改革课题"基于用人单位视角的全日制专业学位硕士生就业能力开发研究"(JGY2018006);国家民委课题"民族贫困乡村大学生返乡创业中的外部支撑体系优化研究"(2019-GMD-038)
作者单位
刘培军 广西大学 公共管理学院, 南宁 530004 
吴孟玲 广西大学 公共管理学院, 南宁 530004 
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中文摘要:
      课程体系是高校内涵建设重要组成部分,在高层次应用型人才培养过程中具有不可替代的基础性作用。可雇佣USEM模型强调对学科理解力、技能、自我效能感和元认知的评价,与专业学位研究生教育的人才培养特点具有很高匹配度。利用USEM模型检视发现:专业学位研究生教育的课程体系存在人才培养目标价值弱、专业特有标识价值弱、技能实践导向价值弱和多元反思的价值引导弱等问题;因此要以"社会需求"为目标点,强化行业导向的人才培养目标;以"学生收获"为着力点,强化通用技能和专业技能培养;以"校外实践"为支撑点,强化专业自信力和专业特质拓展;以"互动多元"为生长点,强化学生自我意识和反思能力培养。
英文摘要:
      As an important part of the connotation construction of higher-learning institutions, the curriculum system plays an irreplaceable and fundamental role in the training of high-level applied professionals. The Employability USEM Model emphasizes the evaluation of subject comprehension, skills, self-efficacy, and meta-cognition, and it is highly compatible with the training characteristics of the professional degree postgraduate education. In the perspective of the USEM model, the authors find that the current curriculum system of the professional degree research education has the following features:weak target value of talent cultivation, weak identity value of specialty unique to the profession, weak guidance value of practice-oriented skills, and weak leading value to multiple reflections. Therefore, this paper suggests to strengthen industry-oriented talent training objectives with the need of the society as the targeting point; to strengthen the training of general skills and professional skills with the attainment of the postgraduates as the focal point; to strengthen the development of professional self-confidence and professional quality with the "off-campus practice" as the supporting point; and strengthen the training of students' self-awareness and reflection ability with the "interactive diversity" as the growing point.
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