文章摘要
学术型硕士生的科研参与、科研产出及其差异——基于2017年全国研究生离校调查数据的实证研究
Participation, Output and Difference of Academic Postgraduates in Sci-tech Research: An Empirical Study Based on the Data of the 2017 National Survey on Graduated Postgraduates
投稿时间:2018-02-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 学术型硕士生;科研参与;科研产出;离校调查
英文关键词: academic postgraduates;participation in scientific research;research output;survey on graduated postgraduates
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(17CGL070)
作者单位
高耀 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
杨佳乐 西北大学 公共管理学院, 西安 710127 
沈文钦 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      基于2017年全国研究生离校调查数据的实证研究发现:整体而言,科研参与方面,学术型硕士生在读期间参与过科研项目、学术会议和境外学术会议的比例依次为85%、72%和6%左右;科研产出方面,该群体在读期间发表过国内期刊论文、国际期刊论文、国际会议论文的比例依次为六成、两成和一成左右。进一步的回归分析发现,非重点高校学术型硕士生国内期刊论文发表量显著更高;导师因素对学术型硕士生的科研参与和科研产出有显著影响,导师年龄越小、职称越高,学生科研参与及科研产出的表现更优异;考研学生与保研学生在科研参与和科研产出方面均无显著差异,但调剂生在科研产出表现方面要显著好于非调剂生。
英文摘要:
      Based on the latest data from the national survey on graduated postgraduates 2017, this empirical study finds that generally speaking, in terms of participation in scientific research, the proportions of academic postgraduates taking part in research projects, academic conferences and overseas academic conference are 85%, 72% and 6% respectively; in terms of scientific research output, the proportions of the group who published papers on domestic journals, international journals and at international conferences are 60%, 20% and 10% respectively. Further regression analysis finds that non-key universities may show significantly higher publications in domestic journals due to their "rigid requirements" that link paper publishing to graduation. Supervisors have significant influence on the participation of the academic postgraduates in scientific research and the research output. If the supervisors are younger, with higher professional titles and arrange group guidance, the performance of the postgraduates in participation in scientific research is better, so is their research output. No significant difference between the postgraduates from examination and those recommended is found in scientific research participation and research output, but the transferred postgraduates perform noticeably better in research output than other postgraduates who are not transfers.
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