文章摘要
硕士研究生招生考试自划线问题探析
An Exploratory Analysis of the “University Independent Cut-off Point” in Postgraduate Entry Examination
投稿时间:2017-09-05  
DOI:
中文关键词: 考试招生制度改革;研究生招生;自划线高校;复试分数线
英文关键词: examination and enrollment system reform;postgraduate enrollment;universities with independent “cut-off point” right;retrial cut-off line
基金项目:教育部专项课题"高考等保障与改革专项经费"中的子课题"研究生招生制度改革研究"(项目代码:45)
作者单位
陈睿 教育部考试中心, 北京 100086 
白丽新 全国高校学生信息咨询与就业指导中心, 北京 100816 
张立迁 天津大学 研究生院, 天津 300072 
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中文摘要:
      硕士研究生招生考试设置自划线高校是进一步扩大高校招生自主权的重要举措,在实施中存在未能很好使用自主权、未能将招生自主权充分下放到招生主体、未建立"能进能出"机制、存在唯"出身论"倾向等问题。针对上述问题,提出完善自划线政策的4点建议:制定自划线招生单位的准入标准,建立"能进能出"弹性管理机制;积极探索灵活多样的进入复试的标准和要求;系统推进硕士研究生招生考试制度改革;加强信息公开和综合服务。
英文摘要:
      Allowing selected universities to set up their own acceptance cut-off point in postgraduate entry examination is an important measure to further expand the autonomy of universities in admission. However, some problems exist in the implementation, such as the autonomy not being well used, the autonomy not being fully delegated to relevant universities, and the independent "admission and expulsion" mechanism not being fully set up and the "parentage" trend still existing in admission. To solve these problems, this paper proposes four measures to improve the "university independent cut-off point" policy, i.e. to establish admittance criteria for selecting universities and set up a flexible management mechanism for independent "admission and expulsion"; to actively explore the establishment of flexible and differentiated standard and requirement for retrial; to systematically push forward postgraduate examination system reform, and to improve information transparency and comprehensive service.
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