文章摘要
“双一流”背景下高校创新人才培养困境分析——基于组织分析的新制度主义视角
An Analysis of the Dilemmain Cultivating Innovative Personnel at Universities under the Background of “Double First-Class” Construction: From the Viewpoint of New Institutionalism Based on Organizational Analysis
投稿时间:2017-10-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 高等教育;创新人才培养;结构二重性;新制度主义
英文关键词: higher education;innovative personnel cultivation;duality of structure;new institutionalism
基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(项目编号:16JZD048)
作者单位
朱玉成 北京师范大学 高等教育研究所, 北京 100875 
周海涛 北京师范大学 高等教育研究所, 北京 100875 
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中文摘要:
      改革行动并非是自发的,它受外部环境的结构性制约以及内部个体能动性的双重影响,两者处于一种互构的模式中,成为创新人才培养"一个硬币的两面"。我国亟须从国家主导型的制度安排走向内外部共同驱动的创新人才培养模式:既要重视对制度变迁产生影响的外部结构与机会场域,也要关注行动者利用环境优势寻找合法认同和谋求自身利益的活动。在外部构建政府的权力释放机制、企业的利益诱导机制和典型高校的引领示范机制,在内部强化高校的内生动力、行动者的制度性利益,从而真正形成"上有政策、下有动力"的政策传导链条,实现高校创新人才培养模式的制度化和合法性建构。
英文摘要:
      Reform does not happen spontaneously. It is influenced by both structural restriction of external environment and initiative of internal individuals. The restriction and the initiative are in a mode of "mutually dependent structure" and become the two sides of the "coin" in cultivating students into innovative talents. This paper believes that, in terms of innovative personnel training, China should move forward from the institutional arrangement featuring state steering to the joint drive of both internal and external forces. Therefore, this paper proposes that we should keep an eye on the external structure and opportunities that may influence the institutional change while being watchful for the actions that someone might take by making use of the institutional environment to find legal recognition for personal interest. This paper further proposes, externally, improvement of government power release mechanism, enterprise profit-induced mechanism and typical guidance and demonstration mechanism of universities; internally, strengthening endogenous power of higher-learning institutions and institutional interest of people who take various actions. In this way, a policy "transmission chain" can be really forged for dynamic implementation of policies, and the institutionalization and legalization can be realized for the innovative personnel cultivation in the institutions of higher learning.
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