文章摘要
我国少数民族研究生教育供给侧结构性改革的思考
Thinking over Supply-side Structural Reform on Minority Postgraduate Education in China
投稿时间:2017-06-18  
DOI:
中文关键词: 少数民族研究生教育;供给侧结构性改革;思考
英文关键词: postgraduate education for minority students;supply-side structural reform, thinking
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学青年课题"我国少数民族研究生招生优惠政策监评体系建构研究"(课题批准号:CMA140130)
作者单位
洪雷 中南民族大学 教育学院, 武汉 430074 
张佩 中南民族大学 教育学院, 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      少数民族研究生教育供给侧结构性改革是我国民族高等教育供给侧结构性改革的重要组成部分。改革的主体是民族类普通高等学校,改革的动力源于民族地区少数民族高层次人力资源的供需失衡和少数民族研究生教育的内在矛盾,表现为高层次人力资源紧缺,人才结构与经济结构不相适应,地域差异供需不平衡,各族人民受研究生教育的程度参差不齐,研究生教育资源布局不均衡,人才专业与需求不适应等方面。可以从教育结构、招生制度、培养模式、受惠对象等四个方面积极推动这一改革。
英文摘要:
      The supply-side structural reform on minority postgraduate education is an important part of supply-side structural reform on minority higher education in China. The major players in the reform are the institutions of higher learning for ethnic minorities and the power for the reform comes from the supply-and-demand imbalance for high-level talents and the intrinsic graduate education shortage in minority areas. This is specifically displayed, as the author points out, in the following fields:shortage in high-level human resources, incompatibility between the talent structure and the economic structure, supply-demand imbalance caused by regional differences, uneven postgraduate education to different ethnic groups, uneven distribution of postgraduate education resources and mismatch between the majors of postgraduates and the demand in practical work. Therefore, the author proposes active promotion for this reform in four aspects, i.e. educational structure, enrollment system, cultivation mode and the beneficiary.
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