文章摘要
博士招生“申请制”:动因、价值及改进——供给侧改革视角
“Application for Admission” System in Doctoral Student Enrollment:Motivation, Value and Improvement——From the Perspective of Supply-side Reform
投稿时间:2017-03-01  
DOI:
中文关键词: 博士生;招生制度;申请制;供给侧
英文关键词: doctoral student;enrollment system;application for admission system;supply side
基金项目:
作者单位
时广军 北京师范大学 教育学部, 北京 100083 
摘要点击次数: 103
全文下载次数: 140
中文摘要:
      博士生招生申请制是顺应供给侧改革潮流的重要举措。随着国内高等教育需求的多样化,以及传统教育供给的竞争弱势,申请制以其在考核对象、考核主体、考核内容和考核时间上的特色引起关注。同时,申请制可以提高人才供给质量、调整人才供给结构、优化人才供给体制以形成有效的人才供给。然而申请制也存在种种不足,从供给侧的角度可以做出相应改进:加强改革,破除制度障碍;引领转型,转变招考方式;激励创新,提高要素活力;健全保障,防范底线危机。
英文摘要:
      The "application for admission" system in doctoral student enrollment is an important measure adapting to the current supply-side reform. Because of the diversified demand for domestic higher education and the disadvantages in supply-side of traditional education, the characteristics of the "application for admission" system as well as the assessment objects, subjects,content and date draw great attention. In this paper, the author believes that the "application for admission" system can ensure the quality of candidates, adjust the structure of candidate supply, and optimize the supply system of candidates and it is good for the formation of an efficient candidate supply. The author also points out some disadvantages that could be properly improved from the supply-side. The specific measures the author proposed include:strengthen reform and get rid of institutional barriers, lead the transformation of admission in changing the way of examination, encourage innovation and improve the vitality of factors, and improve guarantee system to prevent bottom line moral crisis.
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