文章摘要
专业硕士就业状况及其影响因素研究——基于2016年全国毕业生的抽样调查数据
Study on Employment Status of Professional Masters and Influence Factors——Based on the Data of the National Sampling Survey on Students Graduated in 2016
投稿时间:2017-06-02  
DOI:
中文关键词: 专业硕士;求职结果;就业满意度
英文关键词: professional master;job hunting result;job satisfaction
基金项目:国务院学位办委托项目"研究生培养质量反馈与跟踪调查研究";教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目"专业学位硕士研究生培养质量及质量保障运行机制研究"(项目批准号:1 6YJC880033)
作者单位
李敏 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
陈洪捷 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
沈文钦 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
高耀 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      对2016年全国12个省份17所高校的专业硕士毕业生就业状况进行了调查,研究发现:近八成的毕业生落实了就业,七成左右的毕业生对就业结果表示满意;男性,读研目的性和导向性明确,商务类、工程类和公共服务类专业的毕业生,成功就业的概率更高;在高校或科研院所、政府机关、国有企业等单位工作,从事管理与服务岗,学用相关度和期望吻合度高的毕业生就业满意度较高;高校提供的就业指导服务质量、在实践教学过程中的管理和服务水平、实践导师参与指导的程度等会对毕业生的就业满意度产生重要影响。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the author analyzes the data from a general survey on the employment status in 12 provinces in 2016 of the professional masters graduated from 17 universities. The analysis finds that approximately eighty percent of the graduates were succeeded in employment, and around seventy percent were satisfied with the jobs:The male postgraduates have a higher employment rate, for they had a clearly oriented purpose in their studies, particularly those who chose study on business, engineering and public service. Those who work in institutions of higher learning, research institutes, government departments, state-owned enterprises, or work in management or service positions, or in positions that fit well with what their had learned at school or in position that they expected have a higher job satisfaction. The analysis also finds that the quality of employment guidance provided by universities, the management and service levels in practical education process, and how deep the supervisors joined in employment guidance play an important role in influencing the job satisfaction of the postgraduates.
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