文章摘要
全日制学术型研究生全面收费的实证研究——基于91所211高校的数据分析
A Study on Current Implementation of the ChargingSystem for Full - time Academic Postgraduates:
投稿时间:2017-09-21  修订日期:2017-09-21
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生全面收费;实施现状;实证研究
英文关键词: charging tuition for postgraduates; current situation of implementation; problem study
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
毛笛 浙江工业大学政治与公共管理学院 mrmd@foxmail.com 
毛建青 浙江工业大学政治与公共管理学院  
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中文摘要:
      研究生全面收费制度的实施具有理论与现实的重要意义,能够缓解国家教育经费压力,促进研究生教育资源的合理配置。基于对91所211高校全日制学术型研究生的学费与奖助体系设置情况的调查,发现各高校均已落实全面收费政策,但在实施过程中存在着学费差距小、资助覆盖广、公开程度不高的现象,由此产生恶性竞争加剧、筛选成本增加、信息差距扩大等问题。要完善研究生全面收费制度,提高研究生的培养质量,需要实行差异化的学费标准;构建面向科研的奖助体系,以科研绩效为导向评定奖学金、以科研项目为方式提供助学金;以及完善信息公示制度。
英文摘要:
      The implementation of the Charging System for Postgraduates has the important significance of theory and reality, which can alleviate the pressure of national education funds and promote the rational allocation of postgraduate education resources. Based on the survey of 91 Project 211 Universities the tuition and bonus system of full-time academic graduate students, it is found that all universities had implemented Charging Policy, but the gap between the tuition fees was small, funding coverage was wide, the degree of publicity was not high. This will aggravate vicious competition, increase screening costs, and widen the information gap. To improve the Charging System for Postgraduates and the quality of postgraduates training, schools should set different tuition fees, to build a reward system base on scientific research, and to improve the information publicity system.
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