|Contradiction between Procedural Fairness and Substantial Fairness, the Perplexity in Postgraduate Matriculation
|英文关键词: graduate admission;fair admission;substantial fairness;procedural fairness
|中国人民大学 教育学院, 北京 100872
|华南师范大学 教育科学学院, 广州 510631
| A fair matriculation system for postgraduates has two dimensions, one is procedural fairness and the other is substantial fairness. The procedural fairness is the fairness in the admission process dominated by administrative discretion, and also the formal fairness with no discrimination based on social status of the applicants. The substantial fairness is the consequence fairness of admission guided by academic authority, and also the essential fairness in differentiated treatment based on the academic ability of the applicants. That the promotion of procedural fairness in postgraduate admission is frequently questioned by substantial fairness is a phenomenon in education. As an imperfect procedural fairness, while limiting academic abuse, it also hinders selection of qualified candidates, resulting in contradiction between procedural fairness and substantial fairness, and disparity between tools and values in process and outcome. Therefore, this article proposes that in postgraduate matriculation, more consideration be given to procedural fairness while substantial fairness is prioritized.