文章摘要
海归潮对国内研究生就业的影响与对策研究——以上海市为例
Effects of the Overseas Returnee Tide on Domestic Employment of Graduate Students and Countermeasures -with Shanghai as an Example
投稿时间:2014-08-19  
DOI:
中文关键词: 海归;上海市;研究生;就业
英文关键词: overseas returnee;Shanghai;graduate student;employment
基金项目:2014年上海市高等教育学会课题"海归潮冲击下的上海市研究生就业现状、前景与对策研究"(课题编号:ZCGJ17-14).
作者单位
陈鹏 上海理工大学 管理学院, 上海 200093 
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中文摘要:
      海归主要与国内应届毕业研究生就业产生竞争,国内一线城市是海归与国内研究生就业的主要选择。以上海为例,海归对上海市研究生就业市场有极大的冲击,2013年留学回国人员达到了35万人,到上海就业的海归人数在5万左右;上海市毕业研究生3.8万人,在沪就业人数3万人左右,海归在沪就业人数已经远超本市毕业研究生人数。海归和国内研究生就业选择的趋同使竞争愈发激烈,造成人才流动失衡。通过深入分析这一竞争态势的成因,提出改善经济发展结构和就业结构、大力支持自主创业、重视留学教育和国内研究生培养质量,加强人才优惠政策的吸引力等政策建议,有助于解决高学历人才的就业难和就业流向失衡问题。
英文摘要:
      Employment competition between overseas returnees and graduate students trained in the country is most intense in first-tier cities of China. A continuous tide of returnees has a great impact on the job market in Shanghai, where in 2013 about 50,000 of 350,000 returnees found employment against around 30,000 newly-employed out of the 38,000 graduate students trained in the city. This fierce competition puts the flow of talent out of balance. With an in-depth analysis of the causes of the competition, suggestions are offered for improving the economic development and employment structure, supporting self-employment, attaching importance to overseas studies as well as domestic graduate training, and implementing a talent attraction policy. These will help solve the problems in the employment of highly-educated people.
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