文章摘要
导师指导对学术型硕士研究生读博机会的影响研究——兼论科研论文发表与科研能力增值的中介作用
A Study on the Influence of Supervisors' Guidance on the Ph.D. Opportunity of Academic Postgraduates——Also on the Mediating Effect between Research Paper Publication and Increment of Scientific Research Ability
投稿时间:2022-07-29  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.03.02
中文关键词: 导师指导;读博机会;科研论文发表;科研能力增值
英文关键词: supervisors' guidance;Ph.D. opportunity;research paper publication;value-added research ability
基金项目:
作者单位
郭丛斌 北京大学 教育经济研究所/教育学院, 北京 100871 
王天骄 北京大学 教育经济研究所/教育学院, 北京 100871 
杨莉 北京大学 教育经济研究所/教育学院, 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      在高等教育普及化背景下,博士入学机会的竞争日趋激烈。而导师指导作为学术型硕士研究生培养的重要途径,对其读博机会具有何种影响则是其中一个亟待回答的现实问题。基于2021年5—7月联合开展的"中国博士毕业生调查",采用二元Logit回归、组间回归系数差异检验以及中介效应检验方法进行研究后发现:导师指导频率、多导师制以及指导质量均对学术型硕士研究生的读博概率具有显著正向影响;影响效应在不同导师选择模式和不同学科间存在显著差异;机制分析结果表明,更多的科研论文发表和更高的科研能力增值是可能的影响路径。
英文摘要:
      In the context of the popularization of higher education, the competition for Ph.D. opportunities is increasingly fierce. Therefore, the study of factors influencing the chance of Ph.D. opportunities for postgraduates is still an important issue in the field of postgraduate education. As an important way to cultivate academic postgraduates, the influence of supervisors' guidance on the Ph.D. opportunities for postgraduates is a critical question to be answered urgently. Based on the survey of graduated doctoral students in China conducted in May-July 2021, the authors carry out a research with the application of binary Logit regression, inter-group regression coefficient difference test, and mediating effect test and find that the frequency of supervisors involvement, the multi-supervisor system and the quality of supervisors' guidance have significant positive effects on the probability of academic master's degree students to pursue doctoral studies, while the degrees of influence effect between differently selected supervisors and in different disciplines are significantly different, the results of the mechanism analysis suggest that more scientific publications and higher value added research capacity are possible pathways of iufluence.
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