文章摘要
专业学位研究生教育高质量发展的特征——来自法国发展历史的经验
Characteristics of the High-quality Development of the Professional Degree Postgraduate Education——Experiences from the History of France in Its Development
投稿时间:2022-11-10  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.02.13
中文关键词: 专业学位研究生教育;高质量;法国专业学位;发展历史
英文关键词: professional degree postgraduate education;high-quality;French professional degrees;development history
基金项目:国家社科基金教育学重点项目"新时代研究生教育高质量发展研究"(AIA210012);北京航空航天大学博士研究生卓越学术基金
作者单位
张飞龙 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100191 
马永红 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100191 
萨日娜 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100191
北京航空航天大学 中法工程师学院, 北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      我国专业学位研究生教育发展了三十余年,已经从快速发展迈向高质量发展的新阶段。法国专业学位研究生教育发展历史悠久,制度相对成熟,可被视作世界上专业学位发展质量最高的国家之一,且法国的教育体制与中国有诸多相似之处。通过梳理法国专业学位发展历史,抽象出专业学位研究生教育高质量发展的特征,认为法国专业学位研究生教育之所以具有较高质量,是因为其具有规模所占比重较大,注重学生自由、全面的发展,深度产教融合等特征。因此建议扩大专业学位研究生教育规模,突出专业学位研究生教育特性,探索深度产教融合的专业学位研究生教育。
英文摘要:
      The professional degree postgraduate education in China has developed for nearly thirty years and it has moved from rapid development to high-quality development in the new stage. With a relatively mature system, France has a long history in its professional degree postgraduate education development. It can be regarded as one of the countries in the world with the highest quality professional degree postgraduate education development. In addition, the education system of France is similar to that of China in many respects. By reviewing the history of the professional degree postgraduate education development in France and extracting the characteristics of the high-quality development of professional degree postgraduate education, the authors believe that the reason for the high quality development of French professional degree postgraduate education is that it has such features as a large scale postgraduate education system, the emphasis on the free and comprehensive development of the students and deep integration of industry with education. Therefore, the authors suggest that we should expand the scale of our own professional degree postgraduate education, give highlight to its characteristics, and explore how to deepen the integration of industry with education for the professional degree postgraduate education.
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