文章摘要
实验室文化对博士生科研合作的影响——一个多案例的质性分析
The Influence of Laboratory Culture on Research Collaboration among Doctoral Students——A Qualitative Analysis of Multiple Cases
投稿时间:2022-10-26  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.02.07
中文关键词: 实验室文化;科研合作;博士生教育;案例研究法
英文关键词: laboratory culture;scientific research collaboration;doctoral education;case study method
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目"实验室中的博士生学术成长过程研究"(16YJA880061)
作者单位
谢心怡 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
沈文钦 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
张存群 北京大学 科学研究部, 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      科研合作在现代科学生产中具有重要意义。以某高水平研究型大学多个实验室为案例,采用深度访谈法与非参与式观察法研究实验室文化对博士生科研合作的影响。研究发现,实验室纵向结构与横向结构会影响科研合作的频率;实验室人际氛围会影响科研合作的类型,竞争型人际氛围会导致科研合作局限于工具性合作;实验室组织目标会影响科研合作的投入程度,当师生在相互协商与互动中形成较高的组织目标时,学生科研合作的投入程度较高。为增进博士生科研合作的效果,应增加实验室人员的互动频率、营造团结型的人际氛围及在共同协商中设立较高的组织目标。
英文摘要:
      Scientific research collaboration is of great significance in modern scientific production. Based on the case studies of several laboratories of a high-level research university and by using in-depth interview and non-participatory observation, this paper studies the influence of laboratory culture on research collaboration among doctoral students. The results are as follows. The vertical structure and the horizontal structure of the laboratory influence the frequency of scientific research collaboration. The interpersonal climate in the laboratory influences the types of scientific research collaboration, while the competitive interpersonal climate restricts the scientific research collaboration to instrumental collaboration. The organizational objectives of the laboratory influence the degree of input in scientific research collaboration. When the higher organizational objectives are formed in discussions and interactions between supervisors and doctoral students, the degree of input of doctoral students in scientific research collaboration is higher. Therefore, the authors suggest that in order to enhance the effect of doctoral research collaboration, we should increase the interaction frequency among laboratory personnel, create the cohesive interpersonal environment and set high organizational objectives through discussions.
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