文章摘要
博士生“学术内卷”现象的本质及其时代流变
The Nature of Academic Involution Phenomenon of Doctoral Students and Its Changes at the Present Time
投稿时间:2022-09-09  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.02.03
中文关键词: 博士生;学术内卷;学术场域;市场逻辑;学术逻辑
英文关键词: doctoral students;academic involution;academic field;market logic;academic logic
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学国家一般项目"新科技革命下交叉学科研究生培养模式研究"(BIA210177)
作者单位
王洪成 中国人民大学 教育学院, 北京 100872 
胡莉芳 中国人民大学 教育学院, 北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      教育"内卷化"容易导向低效学习和创新停滞,博士生"学术内卷"现象主要表现为博士生在论文写作与发表方面存在一种低效、非理性的竞争,其本质是市场逻辑超越学术逻辑。论文借助场域理论分析了博士生在学术场域与其他权力场域间的位置关系、客观关系结构以及为参与绩效竞争而生成的"内卷化"行为惯习,"学术内卷"源于学术场域内外的复杂影响,在学术舞台上参与竞争的博士生面临社会加速与时间规训、数字依附与群体裹挟等多重因素挑战。作为高等教育发展的阶段性问题,"学术内卷"具有历时性,历史逻辑和实践逻辑揭示,后"内卷化"时代博士生培养路径包括形成学术工作的"慢时间场域",探索博士生的分层次培养,最终要超越市场逻辑回归于追求真善美的学术精神,构建和谐良性的学术共同体。
英文摘要:
      The education involution can easily lead to low-efficient learning and innovation stagnation.The phenomenon of academic involution of doctoral students is mainly manifested as an inefficient and irrational competition in preparing and publishing of papers, with the essential problem being that the functions of market logic exceed that of academic logic. With the help of field theory, this paper analyzes the position relationship between the academic field where doctoral students are and other power fields, the objective relationship structure and the involution behavior habitus of doctoral students arising from their participation in performance competition. The academic involution originates from the complex influence of both inside and outside the academic field. Doctoral students competing in the academic arena face challenges from multiple factors such as social acceleration and time discipline, digital dependence and group coercion. As an issue for the current stage in the development of higher education, academic involution is diachronic. Historical logic and practical logic reveal that the measures for cultivating doctoral students in the post-involution era includes the formation of a "slow time field" for academic work and the exploration of the layered cultivation of doctoral students. Our final goal is to overcome the bond of market logic, resume the academic spirit of seeking truth, goodness and beauty, and build a harmonious and desirable academic community.
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