文章摘要
硕士生退学意向影响因素研究——基于扎根理论的探索性分析
On the Factors Influencing Dropout Intention of Postgraduates: An Exploratory Analysis based on the Grounded Theory
投稿时间:2022-03-07  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.01.04
中文关键词: 硕士生;退学;退学意向;扎根理论
英文关键词: postgraduates;dropout;dropout intention;grounded theory
基金项目:
作者单位
何妃霞 华中师范大学 教育学院, 武汉 430079
贵州财经大学 公共管理学院, 贵阳 550025 
周小李 华中师范大学 教育学院, 武汉 430079 
娄真真 华中师范大学 教育学院, 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      研究生退学对高校和个人都会带来不利影响。研究作为退学行为前因变量的退学意向,有助于减少研究生退学行为的发生。基于"知乎"问答社区有关"研究生为什么想退学"自述案例文本、使用扎根理论对影响退学意向因素进行分析而构建的模型,显示影响硕士生退学意向因素主要包括以下六个方面:外部读研动机、消极结果预期、重要他人、低自我效能感、学术兴趣缺失及新生适应。依据硕士生退学意向影响因素模型提出的硕士生退学意向干预措施,包括培养硕士生积极学术情感、优化硕士生培养模式、注重师门文化建设以及提供新生过渡期指导。
英文摘要:
      Postgraduate dropout has a negative impact on both universities and individuals. The study of dropout intention as an antecedent variable of dropout behavior can help reduce the occurrence of postgraduate dropout. Based on the personal cases provided by individuals in writing in response to "why do postgraduates want to drop out" in the "Zhihu" Q&A column, this paper uses grounded theory to analyze the factors influencing their dropout intention and construct an impact framework model, which shows the factors that influence the dropout intention of postgraduates can be divided into the following six aspects: external drive to be a postgraduate, negative personal expectation for the future, the influence of others who are important to them, a sense of low efficiency in their studies, lack of academic interest, and the adaptation to new academic life. According to the findings by virtue of the influencing factors model, this paper proposes some intervention measures, including the cultivation of positive academic emotion, optimization of the cultivation mode, development of teacher-student culture, and provision of guidance to newly matriculated postgraduates in their transition period to academic life.
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