文章摘要
我国研究生课程建设的理论基础、政策变迁与改革实践
Theoretical Basis, Policy Changes and Reform Practice for Postgraduate Curriculum Development in China
投稿时间:2022-04-06  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2023.01.01
中文关键词: 研究生课程;研究生课程建设;研究生课程政策;研究生课程改革
英文关键词: postgraduate curriculum;postgraduate curriculum development;postgraduate curriculum policy;postgraduate curriculum reform
基金项目:
作者单位
郝德贤 复旦大学 高等教育研究所, 上海 200433 
牛新春 复旦大学 高等教育研究所, 上海 200433 
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中文摘要:
      研究生课程教学是研究生培养的关键环节。基于课程建设的分析框架,从宏观、中观、微观层面评述研究生课程建设的理论基础、政策变迁和改革实践。研究生课程建设的"外围理论"基础薄弱,尚未形成具有支撑功能的课程理论群,"核心理论"呈现碎片化的特征且缺乏本土理论建构;研究生课程政策对课程实践的指导呈现出越来越明确、精准而又具体的特点,但课程政策的制定缺少课程理论指导下的系统设计;研究生课程改革实践主要聚焦于专业层面,院校层面的顶层设计不足,学术学位与专业学位研究生课程呈现"同质化",博士研究生课程改革探索更是稀少。
英文摘要:
      Postgraduate course teaching is a key link in postgraduate education. Based on the analytical framework, this article reviews the theoretical basis, relevant policy changes and reform practice of postgraduate curriculum development from the macro, meso and micro levels. The analysis finds that the "peripheral theory" foundation for postgraduate curriculum development is weak now, the curriculum theory group with supporting functions has not yet formed and the "core theory" at present is fragmental and lacks local theoretical construction; although the guidance of postgraduate curriculum policy to curriculum development is more and more clear, precise and specific, it lacks systematic design under the guidance of the curriculum theory; and the practice of postgraduate curriculum reform mainly focuses on the professional level, the top-level design at the college level is insufficient, the "homogenization" of academic degree and professional degree postgraduate courses is serious, and the exploration of doctoral student curriculum reform is even rarer.
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