文章摘要
导师能力如何影响研究生科研绩效——基于五所“双一流”高校的调查
How Can Supervisors' Ability Improve Postgraduates' Research Performance: Based on the Survey of Five “Double First-Class” Universities
投稿时间:2022-06-25  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.06.06
中文关键词: 导师能力;研究生创新能力;研究生科研绩效;"双一流"高校
英文关键词: supervisor's ability;postgraduate's innovation ability;postgraduate's research performance;"Double First-Class" university
基金项目:陕西省研究生教育综合改革研究与实践项目"'以学生为中心’的研究生教学质量监控体系构建与实践研究"(2020ZD1010);西北工业大学学位与研究生教育重点基金项目"双一流高校建设背景下青年导师能力提升路径及对策研究"(2020AG01);西北工业大学教育教学改革研究重点项目"'三位一体’人才培养模式对本科生科研创新绩效的影响研究"(2021IJGZ20)
作者单位
郑烨 西北工业大学 公共政策与管理学院, 西安 710072
陕西省学位与研究生教育研究中心, 西安 710072 
李真淼 西北工业大学 公共政策与管理学院, 西安 710072 
肖敏 西北工业大学 研究生院, 西安 710072
陕西省学位与研究生教育研究中心, 西安 710072 
摘要点击次数: 209
全文下载次数: 755
中文摘要:
      构建导师能力影响研究生科研绩效的理论模型,以陕西省5所"双一流"高校的544名研究生为样本,采用结构方程模型与Bootstrap方法验证理论模型。结果表明:(1)导师学术能力与指导能力均会显著促进研究生创新能力和科研绩效,且导师指导能力的正向影响更强;导师管理能力不会影响研究生创新能力但会正向影响研究生科研绩效。(2)研究生创新能力在导师学术能力和研究生科研绩效间发挥了完全中介作用(即"名师不一定出高徒"),在导师指导能力与研究生科研绩效间发挥了部分中介作用。(3)理工科导师学术能力和指导能力的正向影响都更显著,而人文社科类导师的管理能力影响更强;青年导师学术能力的影响更突出,而中年导师指导能力的促进作用更强。
英文摘要:
      To construct a theoretical model of the influence of supervisor's ability on postgraduates' research performance, the authors use 544 postgraduates from five double first-class universities in Shaanxi Province as samples. In addition, they verify the theoretical model with the structural equation model and Bootstrap method. The results show that: first, both the academic ability and guidance ability of supervisors significantly facilitate the innovation ability and research performance of postgraduates, and the guidance ability of supervisors has a stronger positive influence, and the management ability of supervisors does not influence the innovation ability of postgraduates, but positively influences their research performance; second, the innovation ability of postgraduates plays a completely mediating role between the academic ability of supervisors and the research performance of postgraduates (which means a master teacher cannot train all his students into excellent professionals), and a partially mediating role between the guidance ability of supervisors and the research performance of postgraduates; third, the positive influence of the academic ability and guidance ability of the supervisors for postgraduates in science and engineering is more apparent, while the influence of the management ability of the supervisors for postgraduates in humanities and social science is stronger; and the influence of the academic ability of young supervisors is more outstanding, while the guidance ability of middle-aged supervisors has a stronger promoting effect.
查看HTML全文 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看
分享按钮