文章摘要
我国研究生创新能力评价研究现状与前瞻
Research Status and Prospect of Evaluation on Postgraduate Innovation Ability in China
投稿时间:2022-06-23  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.06.01
中文关键词: 研究生;创新能力;评价指标体系
英文关键词: postgraduates;innovation ability;evaluation index system
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"大学生创新创业能力评价体系与结构模型研究"(71974163)
作者单位
王洪才 厦门大学 教育研究院, 福建 厦门 361005 
孙佳鹏 厦门大学 教育研究院, 福建 厦门 361005 
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中文摘要:
      创新能力是衡量研究生教育质量的核心指标。我国在成为世界研究生教育大国之后就面临向强国转变的任务,那么研究生创新能力培养就摆到了突出位置,为此需要首先探明研究生创新能力的科学内涵及其评价方式,从而为研究生创新能力培养提供科学指导。文献梳理发现,我国学界已经开始关注研究生创新能力评价问题,但对相关概念并未形成清晰的定义;研究生创新能力颇受各方重视,调查结果却不乐观,也未形成成熟的测量工具;研究生创新能力评价研究呈现出多元化趋势,但成果数量不足、质量不高,尚未形成核心作者和研究机构。鉴于此,未来亟需加强基础理论研究和国际比较研究,特别是元评价研究。
英文摘要:
      Innovation ability is the core index for the measurement of postgraduate education quality. After becoming a world's major country in postgraduate education, China puts the cultivation of postgraduate innovation ability in a prominent position as it faces the task to transform itself into a powerful postgraduate education country. To this end, it needs to explore the scientific connotation and evaluation method of postgraduate innovation ability, so as to provide appropriate guidance for the cultivation of postgraduate innovation ability. Through literature review, the authors find that although Chinese academic circles have turned their attention to the innovation ability of postgraduates, the concepts thereof have not yet been clearly defined; although the innovation ability of postgraduates has been regarded as very valuable, there is not any mature measurement tools according the survey; and although the research on the evaluation of postgraduate innovation ability presents a trend of diversification, the research outcomes are less adequate in quantity and under-grade in quality, and no influential authors and specialized research institutions have emerged. In view of this, the authors suggest that it is imperative to carry out and strengthen basic theoretical research and international comparative research, especially meta-evaluation research.
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