文章摘要
以群体智能引领人工智能高层次人才培养——来自佐治亚大学的经验与启示
Swarm Intelligence Leads High-level AI Professional Training: Experience and Inspiration from the University of Georgia
投稿时间:2022-02-24  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.05.11
中文关键词: 研究生人才培养;人工智能;新兴学科;群智交互
英文关键词: postgraduate training;artificial intelligence;emerging disciplines;swarm intelligence interaction
基金项目:2021年国家社科基金教育学重点课题"新时代研究生教育高质量发展研究"(AIA210012)
作者单位
马永红 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100191 
马万里 北京航空航天大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      群体智能是有机体通过彼此间的交互而涌现出超越个体智能水平的智能类型,即个体的行为以非线性方式涌现形成群体的行为。生物学领域的群体智能为人工智能的突破提供了概念框架,为其高层次人才培养提供了适应性情境。佐治亚大学作为美国第一所将人工智能作为独立专业招收硕士研究生的高校,是人工智能高层次人才培养的典范。其人工智能硕士项目依托于人工智能研究院,秉持群智交互的理念,集聚多学科师资队伍,汇聚多方主体力量,设置了覆盖人工智能全产业链的课程体系,为学生提供不同层次与不同类型的真实研究项目,形成了完备的人工智能高层次人才培养体系。基于此,研究提出我国人工智能领域高层次人才培养要打破桎梏,组建多元异质性师资队伍,进行系统化改革;适应需求,设置"基础层、技术层、应用层"全链条课程体系,促进学生多样化发展;群智交互,顺应知识生产模式演变,构建多元开放协同网络。
英文摘要:
      Swarm intelligence is a type of intelligence that emerges from the interaction between organisms and its intelligence level is higher than that of the individuals, i.e. the behavior of the individuals appears in a nonlinear way and forms a kind of collective behavior of the swarm. The swarm intelligence in the field of biology provides a conceptual framework for artificial intelligence breakthrough and an adaptive context for the cultivation of high-level professionals. The University of Georgia, the first one in the United States taking artificial intelligence as an independent major to recruit postgraduates, is a model of cultivating high-level professionals in artificial intelligence. Relying on its artificial intelligence research institute and adhering to the concept of swarm intelligence interaction, the postgraduate training program of the university organizes a multidisciplinary faculty team, pools together the strength of various entities, sets up a curriculum system covering the whole industrial chain of artificial intelligence, and provides students with application-oriented research projects at different levels and in different fields in a complete training system. Inspired by the findings, the authors propose that China should break the cultivation "shackles", establish a multi-plural and heterogeneous teaching team, and carry out a systematic reform. The authors also propose that we should adapt to the practical requirements, develop a "whole chain" curriculum system ranging over basic level, technical level and application level to promote diversified development of students. Furthermore, we should, in line with the evolution of knowledge production mode, carry out study of interaction of swarm intelligence and build a diversified, open and collaborative network.
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