文章摘要
专业学位研究生校外实践导师的角色治理:冲突、依存与秩序
On the Role Governance of Off-campus Practice Advisors for Professional Degree Postgraduates in Conflict, Dependence and Order
投稿时间:2022-04-07  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.05.09
中文关键词: 专业学位研究生;实践导师;治理
英文关键词: professional degree postgraduates;practice advisor;governance
基金项目:国家社科基金"十三五"规划2018年度教育学一般课题"专业学位研究生教育实践基地质量评估研究"(BIA180162)
作者单位
王诺斯 大连海事大学, 辽宁 大连 116026 
杨玉 辽宁教育学院, 沈阳 110031 
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中文摘要:
      专业学位研究生校外实践导师是高等教育发展过程中产生的必然需求,引用康芒斯制度理论的分析框架,从交易的角度出发,从本质上探索在冲突、依存与秩序三原则下的专业学位研究生校外实践导师的理论角色建构,揭示专业学位研究生校外实践导师的可信性、多重任务身份和治理复杂性冲突;梳理专业学位研究生校外实践导师的角色依存逻辑,包括社会发展理性的场域依存、社会角色的自洽性依存、高等教育规律的发展性依存以及教育制度同形的阐释性依存;提出专业学位研究生校外实践导师的角色治理应顺应交易依存的特点,通过注入秩序来调和冲突,主要有对于交易冲突的集体行动治理、对于交易稀缺性价值与效率维护的层级制治理、对于交易主体的协同性治理和数字信息化赋能交易的信用治理。
英文摘要:
      To have off-campus practice advisors for professional degree postgraduates is the inevitable demand of higher education development. From the perspective of transaction, this paper explores in essence the construction of the theoretical role of advisors for professional degree postgraduates under the three principles of conflict, dependence and order with the analytical framework of Commons' Institutional Theory and reveals the credibility and multi-task undertaker identity of the advisors and the conflicts thereof because of governance complexity. It also analyzes the dependence logic of the advisor's role, including the rational field dependence in social development, the self-consistent dependence of social role, the dependence on the law of development of higher education and the explainable dependence which is also interpretable for the homomorphous education system. Based on the analysis, this paper puts forward that the governance of the role of advisors should comply with the characteristics of the transition dependence, by means of order to reconcile the conflict. The proposals in this paper include governance in collective action over transition conflicts, hierarchical governance over the scarcity value of transaction and efficiency maintenance, collaborative governance over trading entities, and credit governance over transactions empowered by digital technology.
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