文章摘要
学位争议的校内申诉解决机制探析
Analysis of Intra-Campus Appeal and Settlement Mechanism for Degree Conferring Dispute
投稿时间:2022-03-11  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.04.11
中文关键词: 学位争议;校内申诉;实质性解决;机制
英文关键词: degree conferring dispute;intra-campus appeal;substantive settlement;mechanism
基金项目:东北大学研究生教育科研计划立项课题"学位争议解决机制研究"(DYKJ202119)
作者单位
顾海波 东北大学 文法学院, 沈阳 110169 
李雪 中共沈阳市委党校, 沈阳 110036 
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中文摘要:
      学位争议的校内申诉解决机制旨在保障学生学位权益、监督高校权力行使、维护良好教育秩序。但当前我国学位争议校内申诉解决机制,因申诉处理机构缺乏中立性、范围狭窄、程序规则不健全、权力行使实效有限,没能完全发挥应有的作用。考察美国、荷兰和台湾地区学位争议的校内申诉解决机制后发现,其申诉范围广泛、程序规则详实;申诉处理机构有很大独立性,对职能部门作出的原决定有权依公正公平原则予以变更或撤销。借鉴域外有益经验,我国在制定《学位法》和完善高校规章过程中,宜将学位争议申诉处理机构由学位评定委员会调整为申诉处理委员会、拓展申诉范围、引入听证条款、注重申诉处理权力行使实效。进而,健全校内申诉解决机制,推动学位争议于校内得以实质性解决。
英文摘要:
      The intra-campus appeal and settlement mechanism for degree conferring disputes aims to protect the academic degree rights and interests of students, supervise the exercise of the university, and maintain a sound educational order. However, the present intra-campus appeal and settlement mechanism for degree conferring disputes in China cannot fully play its due role due to the lack of neutrality, narrow coverage, imperfect rules of procedure, and limited effectiveness of the exercise of the authority. The investigation into the intra-campus appeal and settlement mechanisms for degree conferring disputes in the United States, the Netherlands and the Taiwan region find that the coverage of their appeal and settlement mechanisms is wide and the procedural rules are detailed. The appeal handling body has a great deal of independence and the right to change or revoke the original decision made by functional departments in accordance with the principle of justice and fairness.Therefore, the authors suggest that when we formulate a law of academic degrees or improve the regulations for higher-learning institution, we should learn from good overseas experience. Specifically, the authors suggest that we adjust the degree conferring dispute appeal handling organization from the academic degree evaluation committee to an appeal handling committee, expand the coverage of the appeal and settlement mechanism, introduce hearing clauses and pay attention to the effectiveness of the exercise of the appeal handling authority. Furthermore, the authors suggest that we improve the intra-campus appeal and settlement mechanism and promote substantive settlement of degree conferring disputes within the university campus.
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