文章摘要
研究生对学术不端相关问题认知的调查与分析
Investigation and Analysis of Postgraduates' Cognition of Issues Related to Academic Misconduct
投稿时间:2021-12-23  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.04.10
中文关键词: 中国科学院大学;研究生;问卷调查;学术道德;学术不端
英文关键词: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;postgraduate;questionnaire;academic ethics;academic misconduct
基金项目:
作者单位
初景利 中国科学院 文献情报中心, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学 图书情报与档案管理系, 北京 100190 
解贺嘉 中国科学院 文献情报中心, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学 图书情报与档案管理系, 北京 100190 
张冬荣 中国科学院 文献情报中心, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学 图书情报与档案管理系, 北京 100190 
李玲 中国科学院 文献情报中心, 北京 100190
中国科学院大学 图书情报与档案管理系, 北京 100190 
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中文摘要:
      明确研究生群体对科学研究、学术不端相关问题的认知,可为高校学术道德建设提供建议。对中国科学院大学研究生开展问卷调查,结果表明其发表论文最主要目的是获得学位与职业发展,对学位论文写作规范和诚信要求以及学术不端严重性认识不足;研究生认为学术不端最主要根源是社会层面的制度环境问题,治理学术不端最需要完善学术规范,依靠自律超越他律。相关主体需进一步增强政策的约束力、处理好他律与自律的关系、对学术不端与学术不当的界限做出科学判定、强化学术不端惩戒及预防的有效治理。
英文摘要:
      This paper clarifies the cognition of postgraduates on scientific research and academic misconduct, and provides suggestions for the construction of academic ethics in colleges and universities. The feedbacks from a questionnaire survey conducted among the postgraduates at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences show that the main purpose for postgraduates to publish papers is for obtaining a degree and for future career development. Unfortunately they are insufficiently aware of the writing norms and integrity requirements for the paper and the seriousness of academic misconduct. Postgraduates believe that the main reason of academic misconduct is the institutional environment problems in the society, and the most important thing to deal with academic misconduct is to improve academic norms, and rely more on self-discipline than heteronomy. Relevant departments should further strengthen the binding force of policies, better deal with the relationship between heteronomy and self-discipline, make scientific judgment on the boundary between academic misconduct and improper academic behaviors, and promote effective governance actions such as punishment and prevention of academic misconduct.
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