文章摘要
工程硕士创造力评价体系构建与应用研究——以浙江大学工程师学院为例
On Construction and Application of Creativity Evaluation System for Engineering Postgraduates:A Case Study of the College of Engineering, Zhejiang University
投稿时间:2021-09-24  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.04.07
中文关键词: 工程硕士;工程创造力;评价体系
英文关键词: engineering postgraduates;engineering creativity;evaluation system
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"制造强国背景下工程创造力的测评、提升机理及系统性开发模式研究"(71974172)
作者单位
姚威 浙江大学 公共管理学院, 杭州 310058
浙江大学 中国科教战略研究院, 杭州 310058 
储昭卫 浙江大学 公共管理学院, 杭州 310058
浙江大学 中国科教战略研究院, 杭州 310058 
胡顺顺 浙江大学 公共管理学院, 杭州 310058
浙江大学 中国科教战略研究院, 杭州 310058 
韩旭 浙江大学 先进技术研究院, 杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      工程硕士研究生教育是培养高素质创新型工程人才的主要途径。为了克服当下工程硕士评价体系的不足,本研究系统梳理了工程创造力评价方法,从流畅性、丰富性、原创性、可行性、经济性、可靠性六个维度建立了工程硕士创造力评价体系。同时,依托浙江大学工程师学院"创新思维与创新方法"课程,对167位工程硕士样本进行了应用验证。最后,根据评价体系构建和应用对我国工程硕士培养提出如下建议:遵循工程活动规律,建立以工程创造力为核心的评价体系;根据新工业革命发展趋势,形成"融合创新"的评价导向;依托工程创造机理研究,加强评价体系的动态监测和诊断功能;重视成果培育,以强化创造意识和创造性人格的培养。
英文摘要:
      The engineering postgraduate education is the main way to cultivate high-quality and innovative engineering professionals. To make up the deficiency of the current evaluation system for engineering postgraduate education, this research systematically reviews the engineering creativity evaluation methods and develops a system to evaluate the creativity of engineering postgraduates from six aspects:fluency, richness, originality, feasibility, economic efficiency, and reliability. At the same time, by relying on the course of "Innovative Thinking and Innovative Methods" carried out in Zhejiang University Polytechnic Institute, this research verifies the applications of 167 engineering postgraduate samples. Finally, based on the results from the application of the evaluation system constructed, this paper puts forward the following suggestions:establish an evaluation system centered on engineering creativity in accordance with the law of engineering activities, form an "integrated and innovative" evaluation orientation according to the development trend of the new industrial revolution, strengthen the dynamic monitoring and diagnosis functions of the evaluation system based on the study of engineering creation mechanism, and pay attention to fostering achievements so as to strengthen the cultivation of creative consciousness and creative personality.
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