文章摘要
重大科研项目团队博士生学术志趣的发展阶段和特征研究
On the Development Stages and the Characteristics of Doctoral Students' Academic Interest in R&D Project Teams
投稿时间:2021-07-08  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.04.03
中文关键词: 重大科研项目团队;学术志趣;学术认同;学术职业;发展阶段
英文关键词: major R&D project team;academic interest;academic identity;academic profession;development stage
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"团队心理资本、知识协同及创新绩效:以重大科研项目团队为对象"(71372014)
作者单位
邝宏达 桂林电子科技大学 马克思主义学院, 广西 桂林 541004 
李林英 北京理工大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      培育学术志趣对于重大科研项目团队的博士生成长成才具有重要意义。基于生涯发展理论,对一所"双一流"大学3个重大科研项目团队的16名博士生进行回溯性访谈,采用质性分析方法探析学术志趣发展阶段及特征。研究发现:学术志趣分为启蒙阶段、发展阶段、成熟阶段和职业后阶段4个发展阶段;每个发展阶段有特定的专业发展任务和自我发展任务,两个任务之间协同促成学术志趣的发展,任何一个任务发展受阻都可能导致博士生离开学术领域;自我效能机制和角色认同机制是学术志趣发展的内在心理机制。高校重大科研项目团队需要根据学术志趣发展阶段合理安排学术训练任务,提升学术自我效能,促使学生认同学术角色,进而培育学生的学术志趣,引导优秀博士生以学术为志业。
英文摘要:
      The cultivation of academic interest is of great significance for the doctoral students in R&D project teams. Based on the Career Development Theory, the authors carry out retrospective interviews with 16 doctoral students from three R&D project teams of a "double first-class" university, and analyze the development stages and characteristics of academic interest with the qualitative analysis method. The research finds that academic interest can be divided into four stages:enlightenment stage, development stage, mature stage, and the stage after they started career. Each development stage has its own specific professional development and self-development missions. The coordination between the two missions promotes the development of academic interest and the doctoral students may leave the academic field if either one of the missions is impeded.The self-efficacy mechanism and the role identification mechanism are the intrinsic psychological mechanism of academic interest development. R&D project teams need to reasonably arrange academic training tasks according to the development stages of academic interest, improve academic self-efficacy, and promote students to identify their academic roles, so as to cultivate students' academic interest and guide excellent doctoral students to take academic studies as their ambitious career.
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