文章摘要
学科建设水平评价与成效评价的内涵及应用策略探析
On Connotation and Application Strategy of the Level and Effectiveness Evaluations on Discipline Development
投稿时间:2022-03-28  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.03.13
中文关键词: 学科建设;水平评价;成效评价
英文关键词: discipline development;level evaluation;effectiveness evaluation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"新时代一流大学建设成效评价理论与应用研究"(72074029)
作者单位
张瑾 北京理工大学 人文与社会科学学院, 北京 100081 
陈燕 北京工业大学 高等教育研究院, 北京 100124 
林梦泉 中国学位与研究生教育学会评估委员会, 北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      学科建设水平评价与成效评价是检验学科发展状态的两类重要评价方式,是学科建设评价的重要活动,具有左右建设方向和效能的直接作用。但若对二者的理解不够,在实践应用中就会产生偏差,并在一定程度上影响"以评促建""以评促升"。本研究在厘清水平评价与成效评价概念和内涵的基础上,从比较的视角,对两类评价的评估主体和对象、评估目的、评价要素、评估数据获取、结果形成与应用等进行分析,结合现有政府成效评价和专业机构水平评价案例,分析两类评价的时序逻辑和空间逻辑结构关系,进而从应用场景、应用逻辑、交融应用等三方面探讨如何科学应用两类评价方式,融通其独特功能,为切实发挥两类评价作用、提高学科建设水平和效能提供一种理论与应用支持。
英文摘要:
      The level evaluation and effectiveness evaluation on discipline development are two important evaluation methods and activities to check discipline development, the two evaluations have a direct influence on the orientation and efficiency of the development. However, if the two are not fully understood, there will be discrepancy in practical application and "the development and upgrading promoted by the evaluations" will be affected to some extent. On the basis of clarified concepts and connotations of the two evaluations, this paper, from a comparative perspective, analyzes the subjects and objects, the purposes, and factors of the two evaluations, as well as the way to acquiring evaluation data, and the formation and application of the result. With reference to the case studies available on the effectiveness evaluation by governments and level evaluation by professional institutions, this paper analyzes the structure relationship between sequential logic and spatial logic of the two evaluations. Furthermore, this paper discusses how to properly apply the two evaluation methods from the three aspects of application scenarios, application logic, and integrated applications. The integration of the unique functions of the two evaluations proposed in this paper provides a theoretical and application support for giving full play of the two evaluations and for enhancing the level and efficiency of discipline development.
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