文章摘要
“乐知”的博士生培养质量更高吗?——职业倾向的中介效应
Is the Doctoral Education Quality Higher in "Happy to Know" Style:The Mediating Effect on Career Orientation
投稿时间:2021-06-11  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.02.12
中文关键词: 科研兴趣;博士生培养质量;职业倾向;中介效应
英文关键词: research interest;quality of doctoral education;career orientation;mediating effect
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目"基于海量数据的博士生科研网络对学术生产力影响的混合研究"(71904100)
作者单位
黄欢 学位与研究生教育杂志社, 北京 100081 
李福林 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 100084 
程哲 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      科研兴趣是博士生探索科学世界的内部驱动力,对培养造就高层次人才具有重要意义。本研究依据2020年研究生满意度调查数据和中介效应模型,探究科研兴趣影响博士生培养质量的路径和作用机制。实证结果表明,具有科研兴趣的博士生在学期间培养质量提升更高;中介效应的结果显示,从事科研工作的职业倾向是科研兴趣影响博士生培养质量的传导机制,其解释力仅达到总效应的12.5%,科研兴趣对博士生培养质量的影响以直接效应为主;使用PSM方法克服样本选择偏差后,结论依然成立。对此,要通过深化研究生招生制度改革,选拔出具有科研兴趣的高素质博士生,加强博士生职业生涯教育,在博士生培养过程中不断强化博士生的学术志趣。
英文摘要:
      Research interest is the internal driving force for doctoral students to explore the scientific world,which is of great significance for cultivating students into high-level talents.Based on the survey data of postgraduate satisfaction in 2020 and the mediating effect model,this study explores the path and mechanism of the influence of the scientific research interest on the quality of doctoral cultivation.The empirical results show that the training quality of doctoral students who are more interested in scientific research improves more obviously during their study.The results of the mediating effect show that the scientific research career orientation is the transmission mechanism of the influence of scientific interest on the quality of doctoral education,and its explanatory power only reaches 12.5% of the total effect.The influence of scientific interest on the quality of doctoral education is apparently direct.After using the PSM method to overcome the sample selection bias,the above conclusions still stand.In this regard,the authors suggest that we should deepen the reform of the postgraduate enrollment system,select high-caliber doctoral students who are more interested in scientific research,strengthen career education for doctoral students,and constantly enhance the academic interest of them in the process of doctoral education.
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