文章摘要
研究生拔尖创新人才的学术素养:内涵、结构与作用机理——基于扎根理论的分析
Academic Literacy of Top-notch Innovative Talents of Graduate Students:Connotation,Structure and Mechanism:Analysis based on Grounded Theory
投稿时间:2021-09-11  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2022.02.04
中文关键词: 研究生拔尖创新人才;学术素养;扎根理论;创造性研究
英文关键词: top-notch innovative postgraduate;academic literacy;grounded theory;creative research
基金项目:上海市高水平地方大学重点创新团队项目"现代学校治理"(沪教委人[2019]63号);安徽师范大学人才培育项目"中学卓越科学教师核心素养的模型构建研究"(2020XJ17)
作者单位
徐玲 苏州大学 教育学院, 江苏 苏州 215000
安徽师范大学 物理与电子信息学院, 安徽 芜湖 241000 
母小勇 上海师范大学 教育学院, 上海 200234 
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中文摘要:
      研究生拔尖创新人才是具有成为拔尖创新人才潜能的研究生群体,兼具"学习者"和"创造性研究者"的双重属性。通过对中国科学院院士、教育部长江学者特聘教授等12名拔尖创新人才的深度访谈,借助Nvivo12质性分析工具,运用扎根理论构建了包含科研知识、技能与方法,科学认知能力,自我调节与发展能力以及科研态度与品质4个维度、11个要素的研究生拔尖创新人才学术素养体系。各维度要素交互作用分别为创造性研究提供基础支撑力、关键突破力、持续保障力和内生驱动力,协同构成创造性研究的自组织动力系统。应通过多举措增强学生、高校与科研需求间的契合性,维护导师主导与学生主体之间的张力,促进"学术责任"的动力功能转化,培养研究生拔尖创新人才的学术素养。
英文摘要:
      Top-notch innovative postgraduates are a group of students who have the potential to become high-caliber innovative personnel and who have the dual attributes of "learners" and "creative researchers" .Upon the in-depth interviews with 12 top-class innovative talents,including academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and specially appointed professors in the Changjiang Scholars Program of China recognized by the Ministry of Education,with the Nvivo12 qualitative analysis tool and the application of the rooted theory,the authors establish an academic literacy system for top-notch innovative postgraduates covering 11 elements in four dimensions of scientific knowledge,skills and methods,scientific cognitive ability,self-regulation and development ability.and scientific attitude and quality.The interaction of each element in the dimensions provides respectively basic support force,key breakthrough force,sustaining support force and endogenous driving force,which synergistically form a self-organizing dynamic system for creative research.Based on the research,the authors propose to strengthen the compatibility between the needs of students and universities in scientific research via multiple measures,maintain dynamics between supervisors and students,and facilitate the transformation of the power function of "academic responsibility",and cultivate the academic literacy of the top-notch innovative postgraduates.
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