文章摘要
职业代际流动视角下家庭资本对博士职业选择的影响
On the Influence of Family Capital on Doctoral Career Choice from the Perspective of Intergenerational Career Mobility
投稿时间:2020-12-23  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.06.03
中文关键词: 职业代际流动;毕业博士;家庭资本;职业选择
英文关键词: intergenerational career mobility;graduated doctoral students;family capital;career choice
基金项目:国家社会科学基金教育学一般课题"基于新人力资本框架的研究生创新素养评价与培养路径研究"(BIA200173)
作者单位
黄维海 南京农业大学 公共管理学院, 南京 210095 
张晓可 南京农业大学 公共管理学院, 南京 210095 
摘要点击次数: 334
全文下载次数: 363
中文摘要:
      子代与父代之间的职业流动是衡量社会阶层流动性的重要指标,利用博士职业选择的调查数据,本研究在职业代际流动视角下分析了家庭资本对博士职业期望及现实选择的影响,发现博士的原生家庭资本整体上优于社会平均水平,而且博士教育能够在总体上维持或提升博士家庭所处的社会阶层,出身不同阶层的博士在进行职业选择时带有不同的倾向性。在选择非学术职业的博士中,家庭文化资本相对更高,经济资本更优越,出身高级管理者家庭的博士更倾向于选择行政管理岗位。选择学术职业的博士,其职业期望主要受到家庭文化资本影响,而家庭经济资本则影响了现实职业选择。
英文摘要:
      It is asserted that career mobility between filial generation and parental generation is an important indicator of the mobility of social stratum. With the data of doctoral career choices from a survey, this research analyzes the influence of family capital on doctoral career expectations and choices from the perspective of intergenerational career mobility. It is found that, in general, the capital that doctors obtained from their natal families is more than the average in the society, and the doctoral education they received can maintain or enhance the social status of their families, and doctors from different social strata have different tendencies when making career choices. Among doctors, those who choose non-academic professions enjoy a relatively higher family culture and have more economic capital; those who come from families of senior executives are more apt to choose administrative positions; and the career expectations of those who choose academic careers are mainly influenced by their family culture and capital, while the economic capital of their family is decisive to the career their actual choose.
查看HTML全文 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看
分享按钮