文章摘要
融合嵌入:斯坦福大学博士生分流淘汰机制研究
Integrated and Embedded: Inspiration from the Doctoral Student Diversion and Elimination Mechanism of Stanford University
投稿时间:2021-06-16  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.05.14
中文关键词: 斯坦福大学;博士研究生;分流淘汰机制
英文关键词: Stanford University;doctoral students;diversion and elimination mechanism
基金项目:南京大学教育研究院2021年度"双一流"建设重点资助课题"中外一流大学博士生分流淘汰机制研究"(JY2021003)
作者单位
师悦 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
黄蓓蓓 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
汪霞 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
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中文摘要:
      博士生分流淘汰机制是关系到整个研究生培养制度与模式变革的重大问题,是控制博士生培养过程质量、促进博士生培养结构化的重要手段。随着三部委《关于加快新时代研究生教育改革发展的意见》的颁布,建立与完善博士生分流淘汰机制成为当务之急。通过对斯坦福大学博士生分流淘汰机制的研究发现,其分流淘汰机制融合嵌入在博士生培养全过程,具有模块化和系统化的特征,涉及组织机制、预警机制、运行机制及保障机制等一系列的制度设计和实践支撑。据此并结合我国当前博士生分流淘汰机制的运行现状,分别从分流理念、制度设计、缓冲预警以及善后保障四个方面提出了思考与建议。
英文摘要:
      The doctoral student diversion and elimination mechanism is a major issue related to the reform of the system and mode for the training of postgraduates, as well as an important means to control the quality of doctoral students during the training process and to promote the bettering of doctoral student training structure. With the promulgation of the Opinions on Accelerating the Reform and Development of Postgraduate Education of the New Era by three ministry-level administrations, the establishment and improvement of a doctoral students diversion and elimination mechanism becomes an urgent priority. The research on the doctoral student diversion and elimination mechanism at Stanford University finds that the mechanism is integrated and embedded in the whole process of doctoral student cultivation, with the characteristics of modularization and systematization and involving many aspects in institutional design and practical support, such as organizational mechanism, early warning mechanism, operation mechanism and guarantee mechanism. Based on the research and in consideration of the status quo of the implementation of the doctoral student diversion and elimination mechanism in China, this paper puts forward some ideas and suggestions from four aspects to improve the situation, i.e. the concept of diversion and elimination, system design, buffer warning and aftercare guarantee.
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