文章摘要
专业学位研究生培养模式的理论探析与实践转向——基于分类观的视角
Theoretical Analysis of Professional Degree Postgraduate Training Mode and Re-orientation in Practice: Based on the Perspective of Classification
投稿时间:2021-07-07  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.05.08
中文关键词: 专业学位研究生教育;路径依赖;分类观;培养模式
英文关键词: professional degree postgraduate education;path dependence;view on classification;training mode
基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目"毕业生就业率、就业质量、职业发展与高等教育事业发展研究"(15JZD043)
作者单位
李伟 天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350 
闫广芬 天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350 
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中文摘要:
      当前专业学位与学术学位并重的研究生教育发展格局已基本形成,然而专业学位规模扩张的背后其教育质量并不尽如人意,主要原因在于分等观指导下的培养模式存在路径依赖现象,具体表现为定位"同化"、内容"软化"、过程"异化"、评价"矮化"以及条件"弱化"五个方面。以分类观引领专业学位研究生培养模式的转向是解决专业学位与学术学位同质化发展的主要方式,基于对专业学位研究生教育分类观的理论透视,形成了专业学位内外部分类培养的理论分析框架。未来专业学位研究生教育一方面要关注外部分类,即在贯通现代职业教育体系的过程中实现与学术型学位研究生教育的分类培养;另一方面要关注内部分类,即不同类别的专业学位需要根据自身发展情况分类选择合适的人才培养路径。
英文摘要:
      Nowadays, the development pattern of postgraduate education with equal emphasis on professional degree education and academic degree education has basically taken shape. However, with the expansion of postgraduate education, the quality of professional degree postgraduate education is not so satisfactory. The main reason is that there is path dependence in the training mode under the guidance of gradation view. This phenomenon can be categorized into five aspects, showcasing "assimilation" in training positioning, "soft" in content, "dissimilation" in process, "dwarf" in evaluation and "weak" conditions. The authors believe the diversion of the professional degree postgraduate training mode guided by the gradation view is the main way to solve the problem of homogeneous development of the professional degree education and academic degree education. Based on the theoretical analysis of the gradation view on professional degree postgraduate education, the authors work out a theoretical analysis framework for classified internal and external trainings in professional degree education. Furthermore, the authors put forward that on the one hand, we should pay attention to the external classification in the future professional degree postgraduate education, which means we should carried out a kind of classified training for academic degree postgraduates different from that in the process of modern vocational education, on the other hand, we should pay attention to the internal classification, which means different types of professional degrees should have different ways of cultivation in accordance with their own development situation.
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