文章摘要
学业支持对博士生心理健康问题的舒解效应——基于全球博士生调查数据的比较研究
On Protective Effect of Academic Supports on Doctoral Students’ Mental Health Problems: A comparative study based on a global doctoral student survey
投稿时间:2021-03-16  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.05.02
中文关键词: 博士生;学业支持;心理健康问题;行动力;焦虑情绪
英文关键词: PhD students;academic support;mental health problems;action ability;anxious emotion
基金项目:
作者单位
金红昊 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
杨钋 北京大学 教育学院, 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      在学术竞争与职业发展等多种压力源影响之下,博士生已成为心理健康问题的高风险群体。基于全球博士生调查数据的实证分析发现,我国博士生群体的心理健康问题日益凸显,且针对性的学业支持体系建设与高等教育发达国家相比尚存在一定差距。学术指导、经济资助以及职业规划等领域的学业支持能够有效缓解博士生的焦虑情绪,从而改善其心理健康状态。基于博士生行动力的异质性分析发现,学业支持对博士生心理健康问题的舒解效应,需建立在博士生自身积极行动的基础之上方能奏效。鉴于此,高校应建立常态化的学生心理健康检测系统,并为博士生提供全面的学业支持体系,以改善博士生群体的心理健康状态。
英文摘要:
      Affected by various kinds of pressure such as academic competition and career development, PhD students have become a high-risk group for mental health problems. Based on the empirical analysis of the data from a global doctoral student survey, it is found that the mental health problems of Chinese PhD students have become increasingly outstanding, and there is still a certain distance between the construction of targeted academic support system in China and those in developed countries. Academic support, financial assistance, career planning and other academic support can effectively smooth the anxious emotion of PhD students and improve their psychological health. A heterogeneity analysis based on the action ability of PhD students finds that the protective effect of academic support on PhD students could only be effective with the active actions of themselves. Therefore, the authors suggest that to improve the mental health of PhD students, universities and colleges should establish a test system to regularly examine their mental health conditions and also a comprehensive academic support system for them.
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