文章摘要
我国博士后人才培养政策的变迁逻辑及其展望——基于历史制度主义的视角
The Transitional Logic of the Postdoctoral Training Policy and the Prospects thereof: Based on the perspective of historical institutionalism
投稿时间:2021-04-16  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.04.12
中文关键词: 博士后制度;博士后政策;博士后培养;历史制度主义;路径依赖
英文关键词: postdoctoral system;postdoctoral policy;postdoctoral education;historical institutionalism;path dependence
基金项目:广东省哲学社会科学规划项目"人才强省战略下广东高校博士后流动站吸引力研究"(GD19CJY12);广东省研究生教育创新计划项目"世界知名大学跨学科培养拔尖创新博士研究生的机制及其借鉴"(2019JGXM07)
作者单位
李正 华南理工大学 学校办公室, 广州 510000 
吴钰滢 华南理工大学 公共管理学院, 广州 510000 
焦磊 华南理工大学 高等教育研究所, 广州 510000 
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中文摘要:
      博士后政策是博士后制度的重要支撑,为打造高水平的博士后人才队伍提供了保障。基于历史制度主义,对博士后政策的历史演变进行梳理和分析发现,我国博士后人才培养政策经历了创立试行、快速增长、稳步提高、加速提升、创新发展五个阶段的变迁。我国博士后人才培养政策表现出显著的路径依赖特征,且存在制度微调、制度置换和制度转换的制度变迁形态。破除路径依赖,进行制度创新是我国进一步优化博士后人才培养政策的未来方向。
英文摘要:
      The postdoctoral policy is an important support for the postdoctoral education system, which provides a guarantee for building a high-level post-doctor team. Based on historical institutionalism and from the sorting through and analysis of the historical evolution of the postdoctoral policy, this study finds that the postdoctoral personnel training policy in China has undergone five stages, i.e. the establishment and trial stage, rapid growth stage, steady improvement stage, accelerated improvement stage, and innovative development stage. The study also finds that the postdoctoral talent cultivation policy has significant path-dependent characteristics, and there are system changes manifested in the forms of system fine-tuning, system replacement and system transformation. In conclusion, the authors express their belief that breaking path dependence and carrying out system innovation is the direction in the future to further optimize the postdoctoral training policy.
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