文章摘要
驱动实践意识 构建专业场域——艺术硕士专业学位人才培养的实践与前瞻
Raising Practice Consciousness and Improving Professional Abilities: Current practice and prospective of the MFA cultivation in China
投稿时间:2021-05-08  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.04.11
中文关键词: 艺术硕士;专业学位;培养模式;实践能力
英文关键词: master of fine arts;professional degrees;cultivating mode;practical capability
基金项目:2021年度北京电影学院校级重点项目"新时代影视高校研究生教育高质量发展的路径和方法研究"(项目编号:XZ202103)
作者单位
张晓慧 北京电影学院 研究生院, 北京 100088 
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中文摘要:
      艺术硕士专业学位研究生教育自本世纪初开始起步,经过十几年的快速发展,目前已成为我国高层次、应用型、实践型艺术专门人才培养的主渠道。与此同时,艺术硕士专业学位人才培养的问题也逐渐暴露:与学术学位"同质化"教学产生的定位游移,学科整体性实践创新能力疲软以及导师有效性指导的缺失成为制约其发展的关键因素。在此背景下,北京电影学院勇于创新,在培养高层次电影艺术创作人才方面进行了有益的探索,通过设置"新人成才计划"和"研究生拔尖人才实验班"等改革举措,实现了人才培养模式的突破,取得了较为显著的成效。实践表明,只有实行体系化、专业化、项目制培养,艺术硕士专业学位研究生教育才能展现生机和活力。
英文摘要:
      Since China stated its professional MFA postgraduate education in the early 21st century, After fast development in a dozen or so years, the professional MFA postgraduate education has become the main channel for cultivating high-caliber, application-oriented and practice-based artistic talents in China. Meanwhile, problems hindering the cultivation have gradually become obviously noticeable. The orientation deviation emerged from the homogenous academic degree teaching, the weak innovation capacity of the entire discipline, and the lack of effective supervisors' guidance are the key factors that restrict the development of the MFA education. In this context, Beijing Film Academy displays its pioneering spirit in innovation and has made rewarding exploration in the cultivation of high-level film artistic talents. Through the implementation of the "new film talent growth program" and the establishment of a "top-notch postgraduate talent experimental class", Beijing Film Academy has achieved a breakthrough in the talent training mode and some relatively remarkable results. The practice shows that only by carrying out systematic, professional, and project-based trainings can the MFA postgraduate education show its vigor and vitality.
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