文章摘要
行业特色型高校开展专业博士教育的优势分析与路径优化
Advantage Analysis of Professional Doctoral Education and Path Optimization at Higher Educational Institutions with Industry Characteristics
投稿时间:2021-05-13  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.04.10
中文关键词: 行业特色高校;专业学位;博士教育;美国
英文关键词: HEIs with industry characteristics;professional degree;doctoral education;the USA
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委管理学部2020年第1期应急管理项目(72041014);西北工业大学学位与研究生教育研究基金项目(2020AG04)
作者单位
张学良 西北工业大学, 西安 710072 
张炜 西北工业大学, 西安 710072 
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中文摘要:
      发展专业博士教育对于培养更多高层次应用型人才具有重要意义。我国专业博士教育进步明显,但从经济社会需求和中美对比看,仍存在较大发展空间。作为中国特色高等教育体系有机组成部分,行业特色型高校呈现出显著学科优势与行业特色,在办学理念、课程设置、师资队伍、教学环境、行业实践等方面,具有开展专业博士教育的特色和优势。应立足中国实际,在增设专业博士学位授权点、稳步扩大招生规模和类型、明确培养定位与质量标准、深化产教融合培养模式改革、构建多元多维评价体系等方面,加大对行业特色型高校的支持力度,更好地提升专业博士培养质量。
英文摘要:
      It is of great significance to develop professional doctoral education for having more high-caliber and application-oriented professionals. In consideration of the present economic and social demands and in comparison between China and the United States, we say there is still a large space for development although the professional doctoral education in China has made remarkable progress. As an organic component of the higher education system with Chinese characteristics, the higher education institutions (HEIs) with industry characteristics present distinct disciplinary advantages and industrial features in aspects of including educational philosophy, curriculum design, faculty building, educational environment, and industrial practice, which give them natural advantages in developing professional doctoral education. The authors propose that based on China’s reality, we should further support HEIs with industry characteristics in adding professional doctorate academic degree authorization units, steadily expanding the scale and types of enrollment, clarifying training orientation and quality standards, deepening the reform of integrated production and education training mode, and building a diversified and multi-dimensional evaluation system for the quality improvement of the professional doctoral training.
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