文章摘要
英国高校学位授权审核制度改革:背景、举措与特征
Background, Measures and Characteristics of the Reform of the Degree-granting Scrutiny and Authorization System in the UK
投稿时间:2020-09-08  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.02.13
中文关键词: 英国;高等学校;学位授予权;学位授权审核制度
英文关键词: United Kingdom;higher education providers;degree awarding powers;degree award powers scrutiny and authorization system
基金项目:
作者单位
许明 福州外语外贸学院, 福州 350202
福建师范大学 教育学部, 福州 350117 
黄孔雀 福建师范大学 教育学部, 福州 350117
华侨大学 马克思主义学院, 福建 厦门 361021 
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中文摘要:
      高校学位授权审核制度是英国高等教育治理框架的重要组成部分,为维系高等教育质量提供了坚实的制度保证。近年来,随着英国高等教育治理环境的变化,英国原有高校学位授权审核制度的弊端凸显,无法适应私立高校的发展需求。英国政府部门通过立法对新的高校学位授权审核制度的管理框架、学位授权类型、标准与审核程序等作了明确的规定。英国新的学位授权审核制度呈现出以立法为基础,突出政府主导,依托权威质量机构进行审核;以学生为中心,注重风险防控;凸显多样性和统一性相结合;体现高等教育治理环境中的开放性与公平性等特征。
英文摘要:
      As an important component of the governance architecture of higher education in the UK, the degree awarding powers authorization system plays a key role in maintaining and promoting the quality of higher education. In recent years, with the changes in the governance environment of higher education, the disadvantages of the traditional degree awarding powers authorization system for the universities in the UK have become outstanding, which cannot meet the development needs of private universities. Therefore, through legislation, the UK government has defined explicitly the management framework, types, standard and review procedures in the degree awarding powers authorization system for higher learning institutions. The new authorization system of the UK is based on legislation, relying on the evaluation by authoritative quality assessment agencies, with emphasis on the government's leadership. At the same time, it is student-centered, with the focus on risk prevention and control, showing consideration of both diversity and unified standard, and reflecting the characteristics of openness and fairness in the governance environment of higher education.
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