文章摘要
中国研究生教育制度流变的四种文化渊源
Four Major Cultural Headstreams of the Postgraduate Education Institutional Development in China
投稿时间:2020-10-27  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.02.04
中文关键词: 研究生教育;制度流变;德知共同体;文化渊源
英文关键词: postgraduate education;institutional development;virtue-truth integration;cultural headstream
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究项目"世界一流大学博士生培养质量评价体系研究"(18YJC880070)
作者单位
戚兴华 仲恺农业工程学院 人文与社会科学学院, 广州 510200 
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中文摘要:
      中国研究生教育起源于20世纪初,中西教育价值理念的碰撞与交流引发了国人对研究生教育的制度化借鉴,制度设计开启了研究生教育中国化的实践探索。百余年来在"价值-制度-实践"的互动进程中,研究生教育先后经历了起源创制、震荡转型、策略调整和战略发展四大阶段,德知共同体成为研究生教育的文化本色。得中西教育文化交流与清末民初留学风气之力助,开放与创新铺就了研究生教育起源创制时期的文化底色;受抗战烽火与退守乡土之历练,砥砺与结晶铸就研究生教育震荡转型时期的文化原色;应新中国国内外政治经济之大局,调合与坚守成为研究生教育策略转折时期的文化气色;合改革开放与百年大计之国策,根深与叶茂彰显出研究生教育战略发展时期的文化成色。
英文摘要:
      The postgraduate education in China stemmed from the early 20th century, the idea collision and exchanges of educational values between China and the West resulted in Chinese learning from the Western institutional postgraduate education system, and the early system design initiated the practical exploration of postgraduate education in China. In the interaction process focusing on values, systems and practices in the past more than 100 years, the postgraduate education in China has lived successively four stages, namely, initial system creation, war-period transformation, tactics adjustment, and strategic development. At the same time, the virtue-truth integration becomes the essential culture color of the postgraduate education. Facilitated by educational and cultural exchanges between China and the West, the trend of studying abroad in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, and the opening up of China and innovation laid down the bottom cultural color of the postgraduate education during the initial system creation period. During the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the retreat to rural areas, it was the endurance and hard-earn achievements that forged the primary cultural color of the postgraduate education in the war-period transformation. In view of the overall political and economic situation at home and abroad in the new China, adjustment and persistence showed the color of the cultural appearance of the postgraduate education during the statics transition period. In step with the implementation of the basic state policy of opening up and reform and the centenary goals, the flourishing development of the postgraduate education showcases the encouraging cultural color thereof in the strategic development period.
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