文章摘要
博士生学业成就影响因素分析及其概念模型研究
An Analysis of Influencing Factors on Doctoral Students' Academic Achievement and the Study of a Conceptual Model Thereof
投稿时间:2020-12-15  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.02.02
中文关键词: 博士生教育;契合理论;影响因素;人才培养;评估模型
英文关键词: doctoral education;fit theory;influencing factors;talent training;evaluation model
基金项目:
作者单位
徐巧云 浙江师范大学 教师教育学院, 浙江 金华 321000 
罗建河 中南民族大学 教育学院, 武汉 430074 
谭文娟 中南民族大学 教育学院, 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      博士生教育承担着为党和国家培养高层次人才的重要任务,全球化背景下知识经济竞争的加剧使得博士人才培养的重要性日益凸显。随着我国研究生招生规模的扩大,博士生教育面临的教育质量问题愈发严峻。博士生教育质量体现在博士生的学业成就上,而影响学业成就的因素是多方面的,了解影响因素并揭示相互之间的关联无疑可以帮助博士生顺利完成学业,提升高等教育质量。本研究基于契合理论,扩展了博士生环境契合度的理论框架,创建了更为细致的博士生教育契合度多维框架,包括博士生环境契合度、学生职业契合度和博士生文化契合度三个维度。该分析框架呈现了博士生教育契合度与博士生学业成就之间的关联,对于完善博士人才培养、提升教育质量具有重要作用。
英文摘要:
      Doctoral education shoulders the important task of high-level talent cultivation for the country. Moreover, the intensified competition in the knowledge economy under the background of globalization has made the task increasingly prominent. At the same time, in step with the scale expansion of postgraduate student enrollment, the problems related to education quality faced by doctoral education become more outstanding. The authors point out that the quality of doctoral education is reflected in the academic achievement of the students, and there are various factors that influence academic achievement. It is undoubted that a better understanding of the influencing factors and the revelation of the relations in between can benefit doctoral students to complete their studies and improve the quality of higher education. Based on fit theory, this research expands the theoretical framework of environmental fit for doctoral students and creates a detailed framework in three dimensions, including those of environmental fit, professional fit, and cultural fit. The analysis framework exposes the correlation between the doctoral education fit and their academic achievements, and a clear understanding of the correlation can play an important role in improving doctoral education and elevating the quality of education.
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