文章摘要
“第一学历歧视”怪象亟待破除——基于J大学硕士生第一学历与其综合能力的相关分析
The Weird Phenomenon of “First Degree Discrimination” Needs to be Dispelled: Analysis of the correlation between the bachelor degree and comprehensive ability of postgraduates at J University
投稿时间:2020-11-13  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.01.11
中文关键词: 硕士研究生;第一学历;歧视
英文关键词: postgraduates;first degree (bachelor degree);discrimination
基金项目:江苏省研究生教育教学改革重大课题“高水平师范大学的目标定位与路径选择”(JGZD19_018)
作者单位
刘林 江苏师范大学 教育科学学院, 江苏 徐州 221116 
陈晓梅 江苏师范大学 教育科学学院, 江苏 徐州 221116 
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中文摘要:
      “第一学历歧视”现象变得越来越令人担忧。通过定量研究J大学近三届硕士研究生第一学历与综合能力之间的相关性发现:不同第一学历硕士研究生在创新能力方面不存在显著性差异。也就是说,硕士研究生第一学历与其综合能力中的核心能力无关。因此,在研究生招生和就业等领域,强调“第一学历”甚至把它作为准入“门槛”,是完全没有必要的。破除“第一学历歧视”,全社会要提高认识,回归正确评价共识;制定专门法律条款,建立纠错援助机制;践行品德能力导向,深化选人用人改革。
英文摘要:
      The "first degree discrimination" becomes a big concern nowadays. A quantitative research on the correlation between the first degree obtained from a higher-learning institution and the comprehensive ability of the postgraduates enrolled in recent three batches at J University shows that there is no significant difference in innovation ability among postgraduates with different first degrees. In other words, the first degree of a master who obtained from undergraduate period has nothing to do with the core competence of his/her comprehensive ability. Therefore, it is totally unnecessary to overstress the importance of the first degree and even regard it as a threshold when matriculating and employing postgraduates. The authors suggest that to eliminate the "first degree discrimination", we should raise the awareness of the society, return to the consensus of correct evaluation; introduce special legal provisions, establish an error-correction and assistance mechanism; and deepen the reform of selecting and employing people in accordance with their integrity and capability.
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