文章摘要
专业型博士“热”背后的“冷”思考
Calm Reflections on the Overheated Pursuit for Professional Doctorate Education
投稿时间:2020-08-24  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.01.09
中文关键词: 博士专业学位;三角协调理论;政府;市场;学术
英文关键词: doctoral degree;Triangular Coordination Theory;government;market;academics
基金项目:国家社科基金“十三五”规划2018年度教育学重大课题“建设教育强国的国际经验与中国路径研究”(VGA18002)
作者单位
王坦 厦门大学 教育研究院教育部高等教育学博士生访学基地, 福建 厦门 361005
华中师范大学 教育学院, 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      发展专业型博士是优化博士学位结构,完善博士研究生教育体系的必要措施。然而,近年来我国专业型博士出现招生“热”浪,院校“热”追,导师“热”衷的“热”现象。基于“政府、市场和学术”三角协调理论的分析框架,发现中央政府强力的推动,市场需求类型的转变,知识生产模式的升级,是专业型博士的“热”根源。“冷”静思考后,三者互动博弈中分别表现为中央政府干预的过度,市场供求调节的疲软和基层学术组织的壁垒。“冷”“热”分析后,要协调国家、省级和培养单位三者间关系;充分发挥市场调节基础性作用的同时适度加强政府宏观调控;积极构建矩阵式基层学术组织。
英文摘要:
      The development of professional doctoral education is a necessary measure to optimize the structure of doctoral degrees and improve the education system for doctoral students. However, in recent years, the professional doctoral education has become overheated, showing a phenomenon of unnecessary enrollment expansion, blinded pursuit by higher-learning institutions, and disorderly competition among supervisors. Based on the analytic framework of the triangle coordination theory of "government, market and academic circle", the author finds the strong leverage of the central government, the change in the type of the market demand, and the upgrading of the knowledge production model are the root causes of the phenomenon. After calm reflections, the author concludes that in the interactive game among the three factors, the interference from the government is excessively heavy, the market supply and demand regulation is rather weak, and the barriers of academic organizations at lower levels are pretty strong. After reasonable analysis of the phenomenon, the author proposes that it is necessary to coordinate the relationship between the central, provincial governments and cultivating units, give full play to the basic role of market regulation while moderately strengthening the macro-control of the government, and actively build matrix-type academic organizations at lower levels.
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