文章摘要
硕士生培养过程关键要素实证研究——基于中国研究生满意度调查
An Empirical Study on the Key Elements of Training Process for Postgraduates: Based on a satisfaction survey of postgraduates in China
投稿时间:2020-10-15  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.01.02
中文关键词: 硕士;研究生;培养;成效;过程
英文关键词: master's degree;postgraduate;training;effectiveness;process
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目“互联网+”时代研究生教育管理变革与创新研究(71834001);北京理工大学科技创新计划基础研究基金项目“研究生教育质量实证研究-基于研究生满意度测量”(20172642002)
作者单位
李明磊 北京理工大学 人文与社会科学学院, 北京 100081 
黄欢 学位与研究生教育杂志社, 北京 100081 
黄雨恒 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 100084 
胡蕴纹 北京理工大学 人文与社会科学学院, 北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      探究培养过程关键要素,可为提升硕士生培养成效、推进新时代研究生教育培养机制改革提供理论支撑和实践指导。本研究构建了硕士生培养过程关键要素影响模型,基于全国硕士生满意度时序调查数据,运用结构方程模型探讨硕士生培养过程关键要素及影响路径。根据研究结论,提出增强培养单位硕士生培养过程机制的系统化、体系化;建设成效导向的硕士生培养过程机制的相关管理制度;改善硕士生培养的基础条件等建议。
英文摘要:
      Studying and defining the key elements in the postgraduate training process can provide theoretical support and practical guidance for improving efficiency and promoting the reform of the postgraduate education and training mechanism in the new era. After completing a model of key factors influencing postgraduate training process, this study explores the key elements and the influence path in the process with the structural equation model based on the sequential survey data of a national satisfaction survey of postgraduate students. Based on the findings, this paper puts forward a number of suggestions such as systematization of the training process in cultivating units, establishment of a management system relating to an efficiency-oriented training process mechanism, and improvement of the basic conditions for cultivating postgraduates.
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