文章摘要
博士研究生退出和延期的数据测算与讨论
Data Estimation and Discussion on Withdrawal and Deferred Study Completion of Doctoral Students
投稿时间:2020-10-18  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.01.01
中文关键词: 博士生;分流退出;学业延期;资源和效能;数据测算
英文关键词: doctoral student;regrouping and withdrawal;deferred study completion;resource and effectiveness;data estimation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委管理学部2020年第1期应急管理项目(72041014)
作者单位
张炜 西北工业大学, 西安 710072 
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中文摘要:
      发展博士生教育,培养造就大批德才兼备的高层次人才,是我国经济社会转型发展的客观要求。在博士生培养过程中,需要辩证分析和客观看待博士生的分流退出和学业延期。据测算,2019年我国博士生分流退出人数已上升至0.79万人,而博士生学业延期的人数达到13.67万人。分流退出和学业延期是保障培养质量的有效措施,但如果比例过大,也会过多占用办学资源和增加教育成本。建议严把入口关,坚持分类指导,规范细化培养过程,加强导师队伍建设,加快博士生教育改革发展。
英文摘要:
      It is the objective requirement of China for the economic and social transformation in the new era to develop doctoral education and cultivate a large number of high-caliber professionals with both political integrity and ability. When it comes to the regrouping, withdrawal, and deferred study completion of doctoral students, it is necessary for us to dialectically analyze and objectively view the issue. It is estimated that the attrition of doctoral students in 2019 increased to 7,927, and those who delayed graduation reached 136,713. In some cases, the regrouping, withdrawal, and deferred study completion of doctoral students are the effective measures to guarantee education quality, but it is also a waste of education resources and an increase of educational cost if the proportions are too large. Therefore, the author proposes to strictly control the admission, carry out guidance in a classified manner, regularize and refine the training course, strengthen the team of supervisors, so as to speed up the reform and development of doctoral education.
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