文章摘要
就学类型如何影响读研计划?——九所“双一流”高校本科生抽样调查的结果分析
Does types of undergraduate enrollment affect plans for pursuing graduate study? ——Based on a sampling survey of 5792 undergraduates in 9 double-first-class universities
投稿时间:2020-05-31  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.06.08
中文关键词: “双一流”高校;本科生;就学类型;读研计划
英文关键词: double first-class universities;undergraduates;enrolment types;academic plans for going to graduate schools(APGGS)
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"过程视阈下的优质高等教育机会城乡差异及矫正措施的实证和政策研究"(71774056);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金一般项目"农村资优生入学后跟踪支持体系优化策略的理论和实证研究"(17YJA880082)
作者单位
徐国兴 华东师范大学 高等教育研究所, 上海 200062 
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中文摘要:
      读研计划的确立与稳定发展对研究型大学本科生的学业发展具有重要意义。以9所"双一流"高校5792名本科生的调查数据为基础,比较自招生、统招生和专项生的读研计划的异同及影响因素。研究发现,尽管双变量χ2检验显示三者读研计划具有显著性差异,但考虑了更多因素的多变量多元逻辑回归的统计结果却有所不同:三者的国内读研计划不存在显著差异;国外读研计划差异明显,自招生高于统招生,而统招生又高于专项生;高考和专业成绩仅有微弱影响。这表明"双一流"高校须反思本科招生和培养措施对质量提升的必要性,揭示出促进本科生立志读研可能是潜在的提升质量的有效措施。
英文摘要:
      Based on a survey dataset of 5792 undergraduates from 9 double first-class universities, a comparative study on three enrolment types of undergraduates has been conducted concerning about their academic plans for going to graduate schools(APGGS). The main findings are as follows. There are no statistically evident differences in domestic APGGS among three types of students, however,There are statistically significant differences in abroad APGGS among three types of students. As far as detailed abroad APGGS, the average level of APGGS of independent-admission students is higher than that of through-national-examination ones and the average level of APGGS of through-national-examination students is higher than that of special-plan ones. These findings have great implication for future policy-making reforms related.
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