文章摘要
英国博士学位种类的多样化和影响因素
Diversification and influence factors of the Types of the Doctoral Degrees in the UK
投稿时间:2020-06-25  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.05.13
中文关键词: 英国;博士学位;种类;多样化
英文关键词: the UK;doctoral degree;type;Diversification
基金项目:江西省教育科学"十三五"规划重点项目"中美工程博士教育模式比较研究"(17ZD035)
作者单位
王文礼 江南大学 人文学院, 江苏 无锡 214122 
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中文摘要:
      当前英国博士学位种类呈现多样化的趋势,其众多的博士学位可以分为三大类:学科专家型博士学位、出版博士学位、专业和基于实践的博士学位。推动英国博士学位走向多样化的主要因素包括:技能和培训、论文提交率和学位完成率、质量监督、论文审查制度的变化及国家基准的引入。与英国博士学位种类的多样化相比,我国的博士学位种类较少,主要有学术型博士和专业型博士两种,这显然无法适应社会发展和建设教育强国的需要。因此,我国应该学习和借鉴英国博士学位种类多样化的做法和经验,从改革传统的学术型博士学位、尽快创建出版博士学位两个方面采取行动。
英文摘要:
      Currently, the types of doctoral degrees in the UK show a trend of diversification. However, the doctoral degrees can be divided into three categories: subject specialist doctorates, doctorates by publication, and professional and practice-based(or practitioner)doctorates. The main factors driving the diversification of doctoral degrees in UK are: skills and training, dissertation submission rate and degree completion rate, quality supervision, alteration of the paper review system, and the introduction of the national benchmark. In comparison with the diversified doctoral degrees in the UK, China has less doctoral degrees in variety, with only two types, one is the academic doctorate and the other is the professional doctorate, which is obviously incapable of meeting the needs of China for social development and building itself into a strong education country. Therefore, the author suggests that China learn from the experience of the practice of the diversified British doctoral degrees and take action as soon as possible in two aspects: the reform of the traditional academic doctorates and the creation of doctorates by publication.
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