文章摘要
世界一流工程学科研究生课程体系的生态布局与衍生逻辑——以加州理工学院机械工程学科为例
Ecological Layout and Derivative Logic of the Curriculum System for Postgraduates of the World-class Engineering Discipline: A case study on the mechanical engineering of Caltech
投稿时间:2020-02-26  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.04.14
中文关键词: 一流学科;研究生课程体系;生态布局;衍生逻辑;加州理工学院
英文关键词: first-class discipline;postgraduate curriculum system;ecological layout;derivative logic;Caltech
基金项目:教育部哲学社会科学研究重大攻关项目"毕业生就业率、就业质量、职业发展与高等教育事业发展研究"(15JZD043)
作者单位
王红雨 天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350 
马梦迪 天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350 
闫广芬 天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350 
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中文摘要:
      作为世界一流工程学科的代表,加州理工学院机械工程学科研究生课程以未来需求为基点,设定"倒看板"式课程目标;注重"均布—贯通"式课程结构的生成;在课程内容上以交叉知识、前沿议题与方法探究为中心;提供高水平资源的支持并落实"复诊式"评价的实践。这样"五位一体"的课程生态布局以服务未来需求为动力,明确学科目标的发展定位;以实践问题导向为能量,保证课程内容的多元特色;以保障师生的学术自由为根基,促进课程主体间的协同发展。这为我国工程研究生教育课程改革提供了启示。
英文摘要:
      The engineering discipline in Caltech is a world-class representative that has designed courses for postgraduates in mechanical engineering in a reverse "Kanban" pattern, with full consideration of the future needs of the students. Specifically, it pays attention to the generation of a curriculum structure in a "uniform distribution-running through" manner. In terms of the curriculum contents, it focuses on interdisciplinary knowledge, cutting-edge topics and method exploration. The school provides support from high-quality resources and carries out practice with a "re-diagnosis" evaluation method. Such a "five-in-one" curriculum layout is driven by the need for future serve, which clarifies the development orientation for the fulfillment of the discipline objectives. The curriculum takes problem-addressing practice as the energy to ensure the characteristics of its diversified contents, and the school advocates academic freedom for both teachers and students as the foundation to promote a coordinated development of different courses. All above mentioned could be used as reference for the present curriculum reform for postgraduates in engineering in the construction of a "new engineering" discipline in China.
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