文章摘要
研究生课程教学中的自主学习:内涵、作用与实践策略
Connotation,Functions and Practice Strategies for Independent Learning in Course Teaching for Postgraduates
投稿时间:2020-05-15  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.04.06
中文关键词: 研究生;自主学习;课程教学;实践策略
英文关键词: postgraduate;independent learning;course teaching;practice strategy
基金项目:全国教育科学"十三五"规划教育部重点课题"‘双一流’背景下的研究生课程微观治理体系研究"(DIA160348)
作者单位
薛欣欣 中国人民大学 教育学院, 北京 100872 
胡莉芳 中国人民大学 教育学院, 北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      在终身教育体系下,学校作为人才培养基地理应担负起培养学生自主学习能力的重要使命。作为教育的"金字塔尖",研究生教育是终身教育体系链的重要一环,自主学习应贯穿研究生培养全过程。课程教学是研究生培养的关键环节,自主学习融进研究生课程教学是提高研究生培养质量的重要路径。在对研究生课程教学中自主学习的内涵进行系统阐释的基础上,分析研究生课程教学中自主学习的作用,并从受教育者、教育者两个维度提出推动自主学习融进研究生课程教学的实践策略,即研究生要养成良好的自主学习习惯、教师要树立新的教学观和课程观。此外,政府和高校要为研究生课程教学中的自主学习提供支持性的条件和保障。
英文摘要:
      In the lifelong education system, schools, serving as bases for training students into professionals, should take the cultivation of the independent learning ability for students as their important mission. At the "pyramid top" of education, the postgraduate education is also an important chain of the life-long education system, and independent learning should run through the whole process of the postgraduate cultivation. Course teaching is a key link in the postgraduate cultivation, and integrating independent learning into the postgraduate curriculum system is an important way to improve the quality of postgraduate education. Based on the systematic explanation of the connotation of independent learning in the postgraduate curriculum, this paper analyzes the role of independent learning in the postgraduate curriculum, and puts forward how to integrate independent learning into the postgraduate curriculum from the educatee and educator dimensions:i.e. postgraduates should develop a good habit of independent learning, while teachers should establish new concepts for teaching and curriculum. In addition, governments and universities should provide supportive conditions and guarantee for independent learning in the postgraduate curriculum.
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